Kansas has no law on payouts for wrongly incarcerated prisoners

Oskaloosa — After serving more than 15 years for a crime his brother admitted to in a suicide note last month, Floyd Bledsoe had little more than the flannel shirt and jeans he wore when a Kansas judge freed him Tuesday.

But Bledsoe’s new beginning doesn’t come with a monetary apology from taxpayers. Unlike more than half of U.S. states, Kansas has no law setting forth the monetary value of lost time for those wrongly convicted. That leaves Bledsoe, 39, the options of suing for his own measure of justice — and likely enduring another legal saga — or filing a claim with the state Legislature, a recourse generally reserved for people with no other way of obtaining damages through the courts.

“We can say Mr. Bledsoe will certainly be considering any actions available to him,” said Tricia Bushnell, legal director of the five-state Midwest Innocence Project, which worked with Kansas University’s Project for Innocence and Post-Conviction Remedies in helping free Bledsoe.

If anything, Bushnell said, compensating the wrongly convicted is “absolutely a moral and social issue” begging the question: In the end, “How much is a year of your life worth?”

Bledsoe always maintained he had no role in the 1999 shooting death of 14-year-old sister-in-law Camille Arfmann near Oskaloosa. During a hearing Tuesday, an investigator testified new DNA testing pointed the blame at brother Tom Bledsoe, who killed himself last month and left behind notes declaring, “Floyd is innocent,” ”I sent an innocent man to prison,” and “I raped and murdered a 14-year-old girl.”

Although a judge granted the prosecutor’s request Tuesday to drop the charges against Floyd Bledsoe, Bledsoe hasn’t been formally exonerated. Prosecutor Jason Belveal told The Associated Press he reserves the right to re-charge Bledsoe if new evidence surfaces, though he said that’s unlikely because the key witness against Floyd Bledsoe — his brother, Tom — “is gone now.”

The National Registry of Exonerations, a 3-year-old project of the University of Michigan’s law school, has logged more than 1,700 exonerations since 1989. The registry credits at least part of the rise in exonerations to the spread of “conviction integrity units,” teams that revisit convictions involving questionable evidence.

Payouts to the exonerated vary considerably from state to state, with some offering automatic, set amounts regardless of how much time was served. Exonerated inmates compensated under existing state laws received a median total of $240,000, or $24,000 for each year served, according to the Innocence Project, which provides legal assistance to prisoners seeking to prove their innocence through DNA testing.

Missouri’s law pays the exonerated $50 for each day spent in prison, but only if they were cleared by DNA testing. Florida caps total compensation at $2 million. Exonerated federal prisoners can be awarded up to $50,000 per year spent behind bars and up to $100,000 per year on death row.

While Kansas has no compensation law, suing has proven effective. In 2010, Eddie James Lowery agreed to a $7.5 million settlement for the decade he spent imprisoned for a rape he didn’t commit. Lowery argued that his early-1980s conviction, imprisonment and 10 post-release years on a state sex offender list cost him his first marriage and strained his relationship with his first child.

Exonerated inmates in Kansas have legal recourse if they demonstrate their constitutional due process rights were denied. A law to set payout amounts hasn’t gotten traction.

“I’m not suggesting we shouldn’t look into issues relating to possible exoneration. To my knowledge, the issue hasn’t been raised,” said state Rep. John Rubin, a Shawnee Republican who is chairman of the House’s standing and interim joint committees on corrections and juvenile justice. “We might want to take a look at that.”

Timeline: Floyd Bledsoe murder conviction overturned

● May 29, 2016 — Lawsuit filed by wrongfully convicted man details how law enforcement officials allegedly framed him

● May 21, 2016 — Floyd Bledsoe, wrongfully imprisoned for 15 years, pushes to end death penalty in Kansas

● May 10, 2016 — Floyd Bledsoe, wrongfully imprisoned for 15 years, says he was ‘framed,’ files lawsuit against Kansas justice officials

● Feb. 12, 2016 — Wrongfully convicted Floyd Bledsoe seeks videotaped interrogations in Kansas

● Feb. 8, 2016 — Kansas bill would allow $235K for wrongfully convicted man who spent 15 years in prison

● Jan. 18, 2016 — Jefferson County attorney doesn’t expect further action against former sheriff, others involved in wrongful murder conviction

● Jan. 17, 2016 — Bledsoe case spurs measure to allow compensation for wrongful convictions

● Jan. 10, 2016 — Requiring that police interrogations be recorded might have prevented tragedy of wrongful conviction

● Dec. 30, 2015 — ‘Who are you going to tell?’ — Floyd Bledsoe, wrongfully convicted of murder, discusses pain of prison, journey to forgiveness

● Dec. 27, 2015 — 1999 Oskaloosa murder case reopened; possibility that killer ‘had assistance’

● Dec. 13, 2015 — Web of lies, indifference to justice led to wrong Kansas brother being imprisoned for more than 15 years

● Dec. 13, 2015 — Kansas has no law on payouts for wrongly incarcerated prisoners

Dec. 8, 2015 — Judge throws out 2000 murder conviction, frees Oskaloosa man after 15 years in prison

● Nov. 13, 2015 — Original suspect in girl’s murder dies of apparent suicide as case about to be revisited

● Oct. 21, 2015 — KU Project for Innocence, Midwest Innocence Project seeks to free convicted murderer with DNA evidence

● July 8, 2012 — Objection to DNA testing not likely

● June 20, 2012 — Motion seeks DNA testing in 1999 murder of teen

● Sept. 30, 2009 — Further appeals limited in Bledsoe case

● July 5, 2009 — 1999 murder case won’t settle

● June 28, 2009 — Federal court reverses release in murder case

● Oct. 7, 2008 — Floyd Bledsoe, sentenced to life for murder of teen sister-in-law, set free; ineffective assistance of counsel cited

● Feb. 3, 2007 — Court upholds murder conviction

● Feb. 2, 2002 — Murder conviction is upheld

● Dec. 5, 2001 — Attorneys appeal conviction of teen-ager’s murderer

● Dec. 2, 2001 — Oskaloosa murder case to be heard

● July 15, 2000 — Victim’s family unsure justice was served

● July 15, 2000 — Bledsoe gets life

● July 14, 2000 — Bledsoe sentenced to life in prison

● June 23, 2000 — Bledsoe sentencing delayed

● May 31, 2000 — Lawyer: Mother’s story changes

● April 30, 2000 — Minister supports Bledsoe in spirit

● April 28, 2000 — Bledsoe found guilty

● April 28, 2000 — Bledsoe murder case goes to jury

● April 27, 2000 — Bledsoe charges amended

● April 27, 2000 — Bledsoe prosecution rests

● April 27, 2000 — Bledsoe murder trial wrapping up

● April 26, 2000 — Tom Bledsoe seeks to explain lies

● April 26, 2000 — Bledsoe told his mother he didn’t kill Arfmann

● April 25, 2000 — Pool of potential jurors knows all about case

● April 25 2000 — Trial starts in murder of girl, 14

● April 24, 2000 — Murder trial to begin today

● Dec. 10, 1999 — Family of victim tries to cope with pain, loss

● Dec. 10, 1999 — Murder suspect enters innocent plea

● Dec. 9, 1999 — Murder suspect to be arraigned

● Nov. 30, 1999 — Case pits brother vs. brother

● Nov. 18, 1999 — Friends relieved charges were dismissed against Oskaloosa man

● Nov. 16, 1999 — Wife proclaims husband’s innocence in girl’s death

● Nov. 14, 1999 — In-law jailed in slaying of teen-ager

● Nov. 14, 1999 — Family, friends mourn Camille

● Nov. 10, 1999 — Quiet hearing for defendant charged with girl’s slaying

● Nov. 10, 1999 — Bledsoe recieves murder charge

● Nov. 9, 1999 — Police hold relative of slain girl

● Nov. 9, 1999 — Girl’s death leaves family, children with questions