Lawrence developer Thomas Fritzel and others indicted for alleged tax fraud scheme, illegal disposal of asbestos

photo by: Journal-World File Photos

Lawrence developer Thomas Fritzel watches a video presentation of a Rock Chalk Park proposal during the city commission meeting on Tuesday, Feb. 19, 2013, at City Hall.

The developer of Lawrence’s Oread hotel and his bookkeeper could face up to 15 years in prison for an alleged tax scheme to defraud the city.

Thomas S. Fritzel, 52, and Keela Lam, 46, were indicted Wednesday on federal charges of scheming to collect more than $400,000 in fraudulent tax refunds from the City of Lawrence, according to a news release from the U.S. attorney’s office.

Fritzel and Lam, both of Lawrence, are each charged with one count of conspiracy to defraud the city and one count of interstate transportation of stolen funds. Also named as defendants are companies controlled by Fritzel, including Oread Construction LC, Oread Wholesale LC, Oread Inn LC and R6 LC. Fritzel and others are also facing separate federal charges, carrying up to 12 years in prison, related to alleged improper disposal of asbestos for a project at the former Alvamar Country Club.

When reached by the Journal-World, Fritzel said he didn’t know anything about the federal charges. When subsequently told that he and Lam had been charged with one count of conspiracy to defraud the city and one count of interstate transportation of stolen funds, Fritzel declined to comment, repeating that, “right now,” he didn’t know anything about the indictment and that he would need to find out more. Attorneys who have previously represented Fritzel did not immediately respond to voice messages left by the Journal-World late Wednesday afternoon.

The indictment alleges that in 2008, Fritzel signed an agreement with the City of Lawrence to develop the Oread Hotel in Lawrence, a seven-story hotel with restaurants, bars and a gift shop.

The city set up a Tax Increment Financing District and a Transportation Development District around the hotel and agreed to reimburse Fritzel for his development costs. The funds to pay Fritzel were to come from property tax and sales taxes collected inside the redevelopment district.

The indictment alleges that Fritzel and Lam conspired to defraud the city by seeking reimbursement for hundreds of transactions that were not generated within the redevelopment district. The indictment alleges the defendants fraudulently sought refunds for taxes paid on furniture and appliances, work on houses Fritzel owned in Lawrence and Colorado, landscaping materials, party tent rentals, car batteries, equipment for a car wash and other items.

A separate indictment alleges that Fritzel and others violated the requirements of the Clean Air Act for disposal of asbestos related to the Alvamar Country Club project.

The indictment charges Fritzel; Casey Stewart, 38, of Lawrence; Wesley Lynch, 60, of Lawrence; and Tucker Fritzel, 25, of Lawrence, with one count of conspiracy, one count of failing to notify the Environmental Protection Agency of the removal of asbestos materials, one count of failing to wet materials that contained asbestos during demolition and one count of failing to dispose of asbestos waste in leak-tight containers.

The indictment alleges that the defendants conspired with Fritzel to violate federal laws for handling asbestos in order for Fritzel to save money on demolition and renovations at the country club. Also named as defendants in the second indictment are DFC Company of Lawrence LC; Eagle 1968 LC, of Lawrence; and R&R Supply Company LC, of Lawrence.

According to the federal Environmental Protection Agency’s website, asbestos is a fibrous material often used as insulation and as a fire retardant. Exposure to the material can increase the risk of lung disease, which could take years to develop. The major adverse health effects connected to exposure to asbestos are lung cancer, mesothelioma and asbestosis, according to the EPA.

If convicted on all charges from both indictments, Fritzel faces up to 27 years in prison and more than $1 million in fines.

In the first indictment, upon conviction, Fritzel and Lam face up to five years in federal prison and a fine up to $250,000 on the conspiracy count. They face up to 10 years and a fine up to $250,000 on the count charging interstate transportation of stolen funds.

In the second indictment, upon conviction, Fritzel and the other three defendants face up to five years in federal prison and a fine up to $250,000 on the conspiracy count, up to two years and a fine up to $250,000 on the count of failing to notify the EPA, and up to five years and a fine up to $250,000 on the two counts related to the handling of the asbestos during disposal.

Fritzel and the City of Lawrence reached a settlement in a civil suit in 2017 regarding the tax fraud allegations. The settlement involved Fritzel entities paying the city $650,000 in damages. However, the city is still obligated to provide millions of dollars in incentives to The Oread project. According to the settlement, the hotel is still eligible to receive $8.5 million in tax refunds to reimburse the project for infrastructure expenses, and the city has the right to audit and must approve management positions at The Oread.

When asked whether he had any comment regarding the latest developments, City Manager Tom Markus said he didn’t feel it was appropriate to comment on the federal charges and that any communication should come from the U.S. attorney’s office. Regarding The Oread hotel’s ongoing incentives agreement with the city, Markus said he does think the city’s interests are adequately protected.

“I would say that we’ve strengthened those matters significantly, and I think that we have an agreement there that was designed to protect the city going forward,” Markus said.

The Journal-World began investigating allegations in 2015 that improper sales tax activity was occurring inside the special taxing district that had been created for The Oread hotel.

The newspaper received a tip that a company called Oread Wholesale LC was using a business address of 1200 Oread Ave., which is the same address as the hotel. The allegations centered on claims that Oread Wholesale, a Fritzel-controlled entity, was improperly booking sales as being made at The Oread address.

The newspaper asked the City of Lawrence for several documents related to sales tax matters at The Oread and described the allegations against the Fritzel entities. State law prohibited the city from releasing the sales tax documents, but the allegations spurred the city to hire an outside auditor to review the matter. That audit ultimately resulted in the City of Lawrence taking action against the hotel development group, which ended with the 2017 settlement. The settlement, however, did not prohibit federal prosecutors from reviewing the matter for criminal charges.

In addition to The Oread deal, Fritzel also has multiple partnerships with Kansas Athletics. The Rock Chalk Park sports complex that houses KU’s track and field stadium, soccer field and softball facilities is owned by a for-profit company controlled by Fritzel. KU leases the facilities from the Fritzel entity as part of a public-private partnership that also involved more than $12 million in financial incentives from the City of Lawrence.

KU also has agreements with a Fritzel entity related to the Jayhawk Club, which is the former Alvamar Golf and Country Club. KU has its golf practice facility at the club, and Fritzel has an agreement with KU related to the use of the Jayhawk name at the club.

Contact city reporter Rochelle Valverde

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Timeline: Oread tax district dispute

● May 10, 2017 — Judge officially dismisses city’s lawsuit against The Oread in wake of settlement

● April 28, 2017 — All parties sign settlement in city’s lawsuit against Oread hotel

● April 19, 2017 — City leaders approve Oread hotel settlement that reduces incentives, removes Fritzel from management

● April 14, 2017 — Tentative settlement would reduce incentives to Oread hotel by millions, require Fritzel to resign management duties

● March 29, 2017 — Judge orders conclusion of mediation in Oread hotel lawsuit

● March 6, 2017 — After 10 hours of mediation and executive session, no public update in city’s lawsuit against The Oread hotel

● March 3, 2017 — City leaders to take part in second court-ordered mediation Monday for lawsuit against Oread hotel

● Feb. 22, 2017 — Mediation session does not resolve city’s suit against The Oread hotel; judge orders second session

● Jan. 20, 2017 — Judge orders mediation in city’s lawsuit against Oread hotel

● Dec. 9, 2016 — City’s lawsuit against Oread hotel moved to federal court

● Dec. 4, 2016 — City: Oread hotel developer admitted to much of alleged tax scheme

● Nov. 16, 2016 — Lawsuit against Oread group cites personal purchases, faked sales in alleged scheme to defraud city

● June 9, 2016 — Auditors continue to review Oread sales tax documents; timeline for resolution uncertain

● April 19, 2016 — After Oread kerfuffle, city suggests adding right to audit into future incentive deals

● April 6, 2016 — City awaiting findings from Oread sales tax documents; Fritzel sends letter to community

● March 15, 2016 — Oread developers agree to comply with city demands

● Feb. 22, 2016 — Developer-commissioned analysis: Oread Inn owes fraction of what city says

● Feb. 17, 2016 — Oread group willing to comply with some city demands, asks for meeting ‘immediately’

● Feb. 11, 2016 — Lawrence declares Oread Inn in default of redevelopment agreement; developer says city is in default

● Feb. 10, 2016 — Oread Wholesale submits report about city-ordered audit; record not released

● Jan. 22, 2016 — As deadline passes, city mum about next move on Oread hotel tax dispute; new questions about Oread tenants emerge

● Jan. 19, 2016 — Oread group again contests city’s demands, accuses city of violating state law

● Jan. 6, 2016 — City mum on action against Oread Inn, waiting on last deadline to comply with demands

● Dec. 31, 2015 — Oread group pays nearly $500,000 to city ‘under protest’

● Dec. 30, 2015 — City seeking more than money from Oread group as deadline nears

● Dec. 29, 2015 — Oread group has not yet responded to city letter demanding $500,000; city has discussed issue with law enforcement

● Dec. 16, 2015 — City seeks more than $500,000 from Oread group after audit finds possible violations of state sales tax law

● Dec. 16, 2015 — City overpaid Oread hotel’s development group, mayor says

● Nov. 22, 2015 — Lawrence hires firm to evaluate Oread tax district


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