Archive for Tuesday, July 30, 2013

Chiggers: A Lawrence rite of passage

July 30, 2013

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The itchy bites started appearing earlier this month: on my ankles, my inner thigh, near my armpits. They were red and extremely itchy. Did I mention they were itchy?

My initial thought was that I'd been feasted on by mosquitoes, but I know from experience that their bites don't itch this long.

What about ants? After finding a bunch of them crawling on my living room table, I outfitted my apartment with ant traps and coated my door and window frames with bug spray. A day later, the ants were gone, but the bites kept coming.

The itching was addictive: the more I scratched, the itchier it seemed to get. I scratched under my desk at work, in the car while I was driving, in the checkout line at the grocery store, that tingling sensation always daring me to extinguish it. In the process, I turned the red, itchy bumps into red, itchy scabs. I felt like I was going insane.

The author scratches his chigger bites while walking through the type of grassy area where he would be likely to get more.

The author scratches his chigger bites while walking through the type of grassy area where he would be likely to get more.

Chigger

Chigger

"Oh, those are chigger bites," my neighbor said nonchalantly a few days after the first attack.

"Chiggers?"

I did a Google search on my phone. Up popped about the ugliest bug you can imagine: red, hairy, with six legs and claw-like mouthparts. I think I would have noticed these things crawling on me.

"Oh, you can't see them," my neighbor remarked, comparing their size to the head of a pin.

And so it began: My crash course into the realm of chiggers, a world I would have rather never entered. See, I lived most of my life in the Chicago area, save for a few years in northern Iowa, before moving to Lawrence in March.

I went 30 years without hearing about chiggers, and would have been perfectly content living out the rest of my days similarly in the dark. Apparently, I never had the pleasure of dealing with the bugs because I'd always lived in areas with cold-enough winters to prevent them from proliferating. I've never missed Chicago winters so much.

Chiggers, if you're new to the lower Midwest or have been living under a rock (which, you might be surprised to find out, is not a place where chiggers generally reside), are a kind of mite that, in their larval stage, feeds on the skin of humans and, as my dog can attest, animals.

They attach to their victims, injecting a toxin that breaks down the skin tissue, allowing them to digest it (sounds delicious!). The bites cause red, pimple-like bumps or rashes with irritation that can last for days. The chiggers are by that point long gone, but you'll be forgiven for feeling like your skin is crawling with bugs.

Since the bites will drive you nuts, it's best to avoid them in the first place. The easiest way to do that is to not leave your house in the summertime. If that's not an option, avoid heavy vegetation, especially in damp areas. You can also spray yourself with DEET insect repellent — I'd recommend one of the unscented and dry variety, to avoid smelling like a chemical factory — or sprinkle sulfur powder on your socks or pants (sulfur can also be put on chigger-infested areas in your yard to repel the critters).

Wearing pants rather than shorts might also help, though chiggers are small enough to pass through clothing. If you're out in the wild for an extended period of time, shower right after you get home. And be generous with the soap.

How to treat them

The appropriately named Lee Bittenbender, a Lawrence dermatologist, told me that over-the-counter topical steroid creams like hydrocortisone should alleviate the itching, though doctors such as he can prescribe stronger creams or even inject cortisone directly into the bites. I've also learned there's a product called Chigg Away — "the Soldier's Choice" — that contains sulfur and purports to be able to both prevent and treat chigger bites.

A few people recommended I put clear nail polish on the bites. Some claim it kills the chiggers, which have burrowed themselves in your skin. That's untrue, however, as the bugs actually just attach to hair or follicles. Whether nail polish actually treats itching hasn't been scientifically proven, though if you've been bit by chiggers you'll be willing to do whatever works.

I asked Raymond Cloyd, professor of entomology at Kansas State, whether the bugs were any more prevalent than normal this summer.

"Chiggers are probably a little worse this year because of the mild spring we had, which resulted in a lot of vegetation growing, a lot of grass and meadows filling in, compared to last year when it was really dry," he said.

Charles Michener, a professor emeritus of entomology at Kansas University, has been researching chiggers for decades. During World War II, he actually studied them in Panama, discovering that the chiggers there, like their Kansas brethren, do not transmit diseases (chiggers in other parts of the world do).

So, how would he describe chiggers to a Lawrence newbie?

"A terrible pest," he said without delay.

Michener has, however, heard that North Lawrence is largely free of chiggers.

"I doubt if that's 100-percent true. But I can imagine that they are much less abundant there because the soil there is sandy," he said. "Sandy soil tends to dry out and doesn't provide the conditions the adults need to live."

Michener said people who have lived in chigger-ravaged areas for years can actually develop a tolerance for them. Which probably explains why my chigger story has been met with many a shrug, as if I was telling people that Kansas grows a lot of wheat.

The bug — like Michener — has long been a Lawrence staple.

"I came in 1948," the 94-year-old told me. "Chiggers were bad then and have been ever since."

Looks like I better get used to them.

Comments

Sue McDaniel 1 year, 8 months ago

I have lived here all my life and I think they are much worse this year. I rarely get them but they seem to be everywhere!

50YearResident 1 year, 8 months ago

The best thing I have found to treat chigger bites is over the counter Benadryl Itch stopping GEL.. You can get it at any store and a small dab does wonders. If treated fast enough the chigger bite is not bad and it goes away quicker. An odd fact is that North Lawrence doesn't have any chiggers. It is something about the soil.

Ken Lassman 1 year, 8 months ago

The benzocaine from the topical tooth ointments like oragel, anbesol or other generic versions does the trick for me, too, especially if I'm laying in bed trying to go to sleep except for that blasted itching....

xclusive85 1 year, 8 months ago

We moved into a new house earlier this month. The chiggers were so bad that our dogs were getting eaten alive. I had Turformance come and spray the yard for them and haven't had a problem since. One of the best $55 I have ever spent.

Ronnie24 1 year, 8 months ago

Years ago I almost eaten alive with chiggers. I stopped counting at 130 bites. I was told that the old men that fished at the Kaw took Vitamin B1 for chigger and mosquito. I tried it. It takes a few days to get started, but if I am bit, it doesn't itch very much if at all. I take it from Spring to Frost. Dont know how or why it works but it does. I am so glad that I was told about this. I have told several people about it and they have told me it works for them too.

paisley 1 year, 8 months ago

I never knew what a chigger was until I moved to Lawrence. For bites on me, I use a cotton ball soaked in rubbing alcohol. I think I suffocate the little creeps. It seems to work well IF this is done quickly. Sounds like a lot of people have different ideas for dealing with the itch these things cause. They are not high on my list of favorite bugs!

Phoghorn 1 year, 8 months ago

If Fire Ants ever become a bit more cold tolerant and move into Kansas, they will alleviate the problem. The areas of Texas that are home to the invasive Fire Ants are largely free of chiggers.

Of course, then you have Fire Ants...take your pick.

Phoghorn 1 year, 8 months ago

6 of one and 1/2 dozen of the other...at least with Fire Ants, you can see the devils and avoid their hills.

FlintlockRifle 1 year, 8 months ago

Have an old friend who has a great remendy---Buys a cheap bottle of wine and a small bag of sand, puts the wine and bag of sand it out in the yard, chiggers drink the wine and get drunk , pick up some of the sand pebbles and stone each other to death, he claims it works

rtwngr 1 year, 8 months ago

Spirits of camphor. Not camphophenique. The spirits of camphor applied with a cotton ball. You have to find a full service pharmacy to obtain it.

JustinCase 1 year, 8 months ago

Funny how chiggers have been around long than the dinosaur and they only thing being taught to cure that itch is old wives tales like using nail polish and the more modern version that toted by the AMA and their consortia brotherhood the pharmacies.

A body would think after this long time some form of science would available to render a cure to the infamous chigger bit itching.

I have tried all of the above at one time or another, except the nail polish and a whole lot more besides. I can tell you, you can use any of the above with only minimal results and only for a very short time. Nothing listed above works long time and permanently.

I will not elaborate on a the only cure I know which actually works. It would not be fair the folks who run the chigger-treatment.com site. The small price they charge for relief that actually works is well worth the two Starbucks you would pay for it.

I lived in Kansas years ago and was introduced to chiggers then. I cursed them and I curse them now, only now I know how to level the playing field when it comes to treating chigger bites. .

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