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Archive for Monday, February 12, 2007

Libby testimony may be a tough call

February 12, 2007

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— Today, lawyers for I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby will begin their defense of the indicted former White House aide with a parade of witnesses, including prominent journalists, former co-workers and maybe even his old boss, Vice President Dick Cheney.

But will Libby testify?

Libby and his lawyers face a Hobson's Choice about what is normally the make-or-break decision in criminal trials.

His unusual defense to perjury charges in the CIA leak case - that he misspoke because he was having to juggle so many other duties as Cheney's chief of staff - would seem to require that he personally take the witness stand to explain it.

But if he does testify, Libby also risks exposing himself to serious questions about his credibility and a grilling by a prosecutor with a reputation for doggedness.

"He is in a tough position," said Carolyn Koch, a Fairfax, Va., jury consultant. "As a defendant, you don't want to help the government prove the case against you. (But) it seems impossible for him not to testify. How can you have a memory defense and not testify about your own memory?"

Almost from the moment he was indicted in October 2005, Libby, through his lawyers, has indicated that he planned to testify. The possibility that his legal team is flirting with the idea of keeping him off the witness stand was raised in court papers last week.

Special prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald has said that U.S. District Judge Reggie B. Walton should not allow the defense to raise the memory issue unless Libby himself testifies. Libby's lawyers said in the filing with Walton that putting conditions on the defense would violate their client's rights under the Fifth Amendment to remain silent.

Some experts said they doubted Libby would choose not testify, and they viewed the filing as a legal ploy to draw a ruling from Walton that could be used as a basis to overturn any verdict against their client on appeal. They could argue that Libby in effect was coerced to testify in violation of his constitutional rights.

Not testifying has worked for some defendants, most famously O.J. Simpson in his murder trial.

Theodore Wells Jr., Libby's lead lawyer, once represented former Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy at a trial - in the same federal courthouse here where Libby is being tried - in which Espy chose not to take the stand, and was cleared of bribery charges.

testimony in the perjury trial of I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, above, has revealed enticing behind-the-scene details about White House attempts to sell a gone-wrong war in Iraq to the nation. Libby was chief of staff for Vice President Dick Cheney.

testimony in the perjury trial of I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, above, has revealed enticing behind-the-scene details about White House attempts to sell a gone-wrong war in Iraq to the nation. Libby was chief of staff for Vice President Dick Cheney.

But most experts said the strategy only works where it appears that the government case is weak. Simpson had the benefit of the famous black glove that did not fit. In the case against Espy, prosecutors were unable to show that the alleged bribes - tickets to games, among other gifts - had any influence on his official conduct.

In Libby's case, the government has avoided any major pratfalls, while raising substantial questions about what Libby knew, and when.

Libby was charged with obstructing a federal probe into how the identity of CIA operative Valerie Plame became public in the summer of 2003, shortly after her husband, former envoy Joseph Wilson, accused the Bush administration of twisting prewar intelligence in Iraq.

Libby allegedly made up a story that he first learned about Plame from Tim Russert of NBC News, and passed along what he said was a rumor to other reporters. In testimony this week, Russert denied giving Libby that information; the government has alleged that Libby learned about Plame from Cheney weeks earlier and concocted the Russert story because he feared being charged with leaking classified information.

The jury has heard from Libby, through an audiotape of his grand jury testimony that the government played in court last week. The eight hours of testimony showed Libby sometimes struggling to answer questions from Fitzgerald, and might have left an impression that the defense wants to counter.

"The jury thinks it has a sense of who Libby is based on his grand jury testimony," said Dan Richman, a professor at Fordham law school and a former federal prosecutor. "Whether that could be changed is an open issue. (But) that testimony does put some pressure on Libby to testify."

Richman said that, while under the law, jurors are not supposed to hold it against defendants who choose not to testify, it is inevitable that some will have developed an opinion about that.

But he also acknowledged the dilemma Libby faces. "Given that the defense rests on a lack of recollection and a preoccupation with other matters, cogent, clear testimony from Libby now will sound odd, because the claim is he does not remember things very well," Richman said.

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