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Below freezing, but melting!

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Highs made it to the 20s on Thursday, but a good amount of the snow was melting across the area. It may seem contradictory to say it's freezing outside, yet the snow is melting. It may be odd, but that's the way it happens.

The reason for this lies in two things: (1) Official temperatures are taken 1.5 meters above the surface and can vary from the actual surface temperature. (2) Solar energy largely passes through the air, but heats up objects that it strikes.

On a sunny, cold day with some snow on the ground, the sun's rays aren't warming the air all that much, but as the visible light and UV rays are being absorbed somewhat by the snow, there is a little bit of warming. Snow reflects most of it away, but it does absorb some and makes the very top layer of snow begin to melt (of course, it refreezes at night and gives that "crunchy" layer on top). Other objects like tree trunks can heat up even more and melt the snow right around them. Patches of pavement or a clear spot on the roof can heat up quite a bit in direct sunlight and melt away adjacent snow making the clear patch grow and grow. So when you see puddles all around and water pouring off the roof on a sunny day when the temperature is registering at 21 degrees, it's the air that's below freezing not all the surfaces.

This brings up another interesting thought. Have you ever watched a day game of baseball in the summer on television? Every time it's a hot day game, the camera will pan over to some back-up player who will set the big dial thermometer out on the turf just to get some TV exposure. The camera zooms in to show a temperature of 150 "on the field." The announcers empathetically say "and that's what the players are dealing with on the field today!" However, only the soles of their shoes have to deal with what the ground temperature is. Temperatures are often 20-40 degrees warmer at the ground level out in the sun than what it is "officially" 1.5 meters above the ground. Since our faces are what regulate most of our body's temperature, it's not the lowest 2 feet of air that matters.

Don't get me wrong, I've been to some day baseball games and they get very hot, but not the 145-degree searing heat that the thermometer sitting on the field out in the sun is showing. Absorbtion of solar energy can lead to some big spikes in temperatures. Don't believe me? Next July find a shiny, metal slide and be a kid all over again and slide down it. You'll know all too well about solar heating!

Comments

Paul Decelles 5 years, 5 months ago

Good post. One minor comment-they first 2 feet of air can matter for pets on a hot day, something that people tend to forget.

mwmiller 5 years, 5 months ago

Very true. And small children in the summertime left sitting in strollers can lead to heat exhaustion for them. They'd be better off sitting on someone's shoulders up above the worst of the heat.

alm77 5 years, 5 months ago

Uh-oh. I told my kids I'd take them sledding today. Hope there's some snow left this afternoon!

Leslie Swearingen 5 years, 5 months ago

I found this information about UV rays. Since humans evolved under these conditions over a very long period of time, shouldn't we have evolved a defense against them? Astronauts can see the ice caps melting and disappearing and that ice reflects a lot of heat. That is going to make a difference in the temperature of the planet both in terms of warmth and changing weather patterns, in long term climate and short term effects. Am I right or wrong about this?

"UV rays assist our bodies in making vitamin D, which strengthens bones and teeth and helps our bodies build immunities to such diseases as Rickets and colon cancer. UV rays are also used to treat psoriasis; the rays slow the growth of skin cells, preventing the outbreak of the itchy patches for which psoriasis is known. UV rays have various commercial uses as well, including sterilization and disinfection. Some animals can see UV rays, and UV vision helps bees to collect pollen from flowers. They also cause the formation of cataracts."

Should someone be putting out the message that everyone, from babies on, need to wear sunglasses to prevent cataracts?

feeble 5 years, 5 months ago

Irish (Irish Swearingen) says…

I found this information about UV rays. Since humans evolved under these conditions over a very long period of time, shouldn't we have evolved a defense against them?

We did. Most of us do not die from the effects of UV radiation before reaching childbearing age. Adaptation does not necessarily imply immunity.

Leslie Swearingen 5 years, 5 months ago

Ah, feeble, thanks, I ask questions because I want to know. I like that last sentence because you can read a lot into it. Multi, My Pope says that there is no problem with accepting a God created evolutionary process. Thus, blah, blah, blah, etc. :0 :-) =D

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