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Archive for Sunday, May 27, 2012

Kansas tax act most regressive in nation

May 27, 2012

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Gov. Sam Brownback’s signing of the new Kansas Tax Act on Tuesday was a historic event. The act will shape the lives of Kansans for many years to come.

The nonpartisan Legislative Research Department has estimated that the act will reduce Kansas government revenues by $4.5 billion over the next six years. Inevitably, there will be major reductions in the government services Kansans have come to expect — especially education.

Equally important, the act dramatically changes the Kansas tax system, shifting the income tax burden from the wealthy and prosperous to working people. The act provides that all income of business owners is tax-free (except in the unusual case where a regular corporation is used). Although the act was promoted as a boost to small business, there is no limit on the size of business that can be exempt from tax.

Income of professionals — such as doctors, lawyers, architects, and accountants — practicing in partnerships will be tax-free. In a law firm, for example, the partners will pay no tax, while the clerical staff will continue on the tax rolls.

Income received from partnerships and trusts will be tax-free. Wealthy Kansans who own real estate, stocks, bonds and other investments will simply transfer those assets to a partnership or trust, thereby freeing all their investment income from tax.

All income of farmers will be exempt from tax.

Who will still be paying Kansas income tax? Only three groups: 1) employees, 2) some retirees and 3) individuals whose investments are so modest that they cannot afford to create a trust or partnership to shelter their investment income.

Kansas government relies on three taxes: property, sales and income. Property and sales taxes are regressive in the sense that a lower-income person pays more of these taxes as a percent of income than does a higher-income person. The new income tax will be dramatically regressive. Low- and moderate-income workers will remain on the tax rolls. Meanwhile, wealthy Kansans will readily escape the tax, and many prosperous (but not wealthy) Kansans will be able to evade the tax as well. Beginning in 2013, the Kansas tax system will be among the most regressive in the nation.

Can a just society tax the poor while not taxing the rich?

Martin B. Dickinson is a nationally recognized expert in tax law and the Schroeder Distinguished Professor of Law at Kansas University.

Comments

avarom 1 year, 10 months ago

Ms, Bethell running?? Why Should She?? 6/4/2012 What gives Mrs. Bethell the right to run as a legislative representative just because her husband was a representative...that sets up a very leery situation in the Kansas State House for other fallen victims that are in the government, and sounds like some Mickey Mouse shenanigans to me. Does a Pension eligibility right come into play here?? Does this mean that any government official’s wife can take over in death?? The only reason the Mrs. Can't run next year, is she does not even know if she will be in the same District. It was stated in print, that she did not have the same government opinions as her husband anyway! No wonder Kansas is such aid Mess! OMG!! -Madame A-

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camper 1 year, 10 months ago

Your two scenarios are black and white, and oversimplified. We are all better off when we have opportunity to work and earn a good living and also have services provided (via taxes) that make our communities and infrastructure stronger. This adds to the quality of life.

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tbaker 1 year, 10 months ago

Under which scenario is society as a whole better off? When people get to keep more of what they worked for and earned, or when the government gets to take that money from them and decide how to spend it? Hummmmm….

Are all the things government currently spends money on utterly essential?

Isn’t the natural state of government to grow and expand? Didn’t the founders warn of us of this? Must it always grow in size and scope, or can is be forced to shrink from time to time?

Is government spending money on things outside the scope of constitutional authority?

Are we getting our money’s worth from everything government spends our tax money on? Is it being done better, faster, and cheaper than the private sector? Is there no fraud waste or abuse in government spending going on?

What is the economic impact of taking a dollar out of private hands for the government to spend versus one spent in the private sector? Under which circumstance does that dollar of spending do the most economic good for the most people?

Why didn’t Mr. Dickenson answer any of these questions? He sounds biased in favor of government spending. Aren’t law professors supposed to be the masters of critically reasoned arguments? He sounds like a bitter, partisan statist.

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Calijhawk 1 year, 10 months ago

Let's take the other extreme. I live in California, not because I want to, but because the former tax system in Kansas contributed to total lack of opportunity in my field.

In the 10 years I have been here, California has become the bright and shining example of what happens when a PRO-gressive agenda, and tax system, is allowed to accelerate out of control. The 'uneducated' Kansas populace Gateway's elitist ilk love to make fun of look like geniuses compared to we 'enlightened' Californians. We 'smart', progressive people perpetually elect liberals to save us from the big, bad, corporations. These 'progressives' (get used to the term) repay their public-sector union bankroll by voting their members' wages far in excess of private sector, and obscene pensions (hey Topeka State Office Building cubicle hamster---how would YOU like a $90,000 salary, to retire at 60 with 90% of it, and FREE healthcare for life?).

Now they've got to pay for it. They hike the sales and gas taxes to the nations' highest rate. This is before they slap layer upon layer of state regulations on businesses, large and small, not to protect the public, but to gather revenue in the form of fines and penalties. Don't get caught running a red light here, either. The fine is $200, but the local and state fees will bump your final hit to over $1,500.

Faced with the cost of regulation and taxes, and fees these 'smart' liberals impose, small businesses in California are closing at record rates -- many long, established firms that simply can't make it work here anymore. Those that aren't are moving in a mass exodus, most to Texas. Why? Because the 'dumb, uneducated' people down there decided to make it profitable to be there. The businesses mean jobs, which mean purchasing power to feed other businesses, and more jobs. The tax base expands, and the 'stupid people' in Texas live in a place whose statehouse is not hovering over every facet of their lives trying to figure out another way of sucking money out of them.

Understand that if GatewayLSAT's has it his/her way, you dumb, stupid dolts in Kansas will have it exactly like us 'enlightened' people in California. Shrinking tax base, businesses bolting, highest unemployment, highest tax rate, highest welfare per capita, and a $16 billion deficit with zero chance of balancing without the help from -- you guessed it -- tax dollars from you 'dumb, uneducated' people whose leaders were 'stupid' enough to make your state business-friendly.

Considering what a PRO-gressive tax has done to California, we out here ask you...do you REALLY want to be 'smart' like GatewayLSAT -- and US?

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Hudson Luce 1 year, 10 months ago

"Still, it is worth noting that during 2006 and 2007, the seven states with no income tax whatsoever, Alaska, Florida, Nevada, South Dakota, Texas, Washington and Wyoming, led the nation in net population growth." source: http://usgovinfo.about.com/od/incometaxandtheirs/a/nostatetax.htm

"To rank the state’s tax burdens, the Tax Foundation compared the total taxes that state residents pay as a percentage of per capita income. Included in the total taxes are local taxes such as property taxes and local sales taxes. The states whose residents pay the least in taxes are:

Alaska at 6.4% of income Nevada at 6.6% of income Wyoming at 7% of income Florida at 7.4% of income New Hampshire at 7.6% of income

It’s interesting to note that none of these states have an individual income tax." source: http://taxes.about.com/od/statetaxes/a/Highest-State-And-Local-Taxes.htm (note that these figures are as of 2011)

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GatewayLSAT 1 year, 10 months ago

The greatest travesty of the tea party movement is that it started as an anti-corporate movement expressing frustration at the Republican policies that oppose the working class. One it was co-opted by the Koch brothers somehow that message went away.

I really don't see how millions of people think that pulling funding from schools somehow makes our country stronger. The baby boomers received perhaps the best education in the history of the world and our country reaped the benefits during the '80s and '90s when they were at their earning peak.

Can people be so short-sighted that they don't see that we're cutting our own throats here? It's no accident that our high-tech companies have to recruit overseas while Americans are out of work - we're feeling the effects of slipping into the low 20's in the educational rankings.

The Republican party is the puppet and mouthpiece of corporate America, whose objective is very clearly to make money regardless of consequence. That's how capitalism works and the corporations shouldn't be judged if they follow the law. That's exactly why it IS the role of government to regulate - to instill a safety against blind dollar-chasing at the public's detriment. Corporations are inherently AMORAL (not immoral, mind you) - their thinking doesn't even factor in treating the public humanely, so the government "OF THE PEOPLE, BY THE PEOPLE, AND FOR THE PEOPLE" better do so!

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GatewayLSAT 1 year, 10 months ago

This is exactly why I will never live in Kansas again, despite my love for Lawrence. I guess the idea here is to make sure that the electorate is so uneducated that they don't vote the school board out NEXT TIME they outlaw the teaching of evolution...

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rockchalk1977 1 year, 10 months ago

Is the distinguished Professor of Law equally outraged by $5+ trillion in Obama debt?

http://usdebtclock.org/

What is that word I'm looking for?

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nekansan 1 year, 10 months ago

No "IF" about it. This passed and with the Governor's signature is now law in Kansas.

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witchfindergeneral 1 year, 10 months ago

Let's say this passes (I have a terrible feeling it will).

In ten years, will Kansas be a better overall state, in better economic, physical, educational, etc. health, than say, Nebraska (an example)? I doubt it.

The Republicans in Topeka will tell you again and again that it will be, but they seem to ignore the evidence that Reaganomics (and this legislation is nothing but Reaganomics 101 taken to the nth degree) don't work, and probably never will work. It would be a great idea if it really DID work, but sadly, it doesn't and never has.

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pace 1 year, 10 months ago

A lot of farmers have other job, or members of their family do. They will have this "new" hit on their backs too. Brownback should resign.

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kind_servant 1 year, 10 months ago

Who are these voters (what are the demographics and how many of the population voted) who elect these officials who write these frightening laws... both voter and elected officials who seemingly cannot understand that wealthy businesses/people and corporations did not "get there" by themselves? Here's my take:
Wealthy business people and corporations.... they have used our tax-paid infrastructure for transportation and communication; they have used our tax paid police EMT and fire departments for help; they have used public transport -- that their peon employees need to use it to get to work;
they have used our government laws and taxes to make/give themselves all kinds of write-offs and loopholes and even manage to give themselves tax free status ( e.g. GE no taxes paid at all in 2010; incoming corporations working out "incentive" tax-free status for 10 years in communities they enter!).
*...and MORE.

The Plutocracy definitely seems to have an agenda which seems to be succeeding as indicated by the passing of this Kansas bill. Here's the agenda JMHO:

Dumb down [and thereby make altogether malleable to propaganda] the peasants especially via attacking public education; and tax the hard working blue collar people, while not taxing the higher incomes. Oh, and use the tax dollars to benefit the rich. Desired Result: a two-tiered society --peasant-servants, and the super-rich "war lords" with the country utterly and completely ruled by the plutocracy.

How come so many people cannot see this utterly obvious-to-me agenda being played out nowadays?

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observant 1 year, 10 months ago

Results won't take long. brownie doesn't care, he's not even hoping to get re-elected. He knows Koch will take care of him, worst case, he has to use his wife's money for his run for pres in 2016.

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Carol Bowen 1 year, 10 months ago

Let's wait. The changes are so extreme, the results shouldn't take long.

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Liberal 1 year, 10 months ago

Maybe you should aspire to create a business, purchase property, then you can join those who are providing a place to work and are being exempted from income tax as an incentive to do so.

Someone above said be prepared for a mass exodus....I say be prepared for mass imports. Mass importing of companies who want to be in Kansas as a result of our tax laws. As far as I am concerned those who want to leave, good riddance.

Thanks Sam, we are on the road to prosperity.

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Richard Heckler 1 year, 10 months ago

Eliminating tax revenues will put more and more out of jobs in Kansas. The Satan Sam Brownback pushing a laissez faire government tax free haven for the wealthy such as himself says he cannot put aside his selfish self centered motives. Makes for reckless management across the board.

Yet this wealthy Satan Sam Brownback allows the poor and middle class to support his selfish lifestyle with a sweet pay checck,medical insurance and retirement plan. ..... can we say the Satan Sam Brownback is a tax dollar moocher?

Satan has this Sam Brownback by the throat. That Satan which is ruled by fellow Satans two Koch brothers and Satans within the Wal-Mart money regiment. Are all wealthy people ruled by Satan...... no just a special few.

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yourworstnightmare 1 year, 10 months ago

This tax bill is a clear example of government picking winners and losers.

The bill says that certain types of income are better than others (business income, investment income are the winners; salary income is the loser).

The government should stop picking winners and losers in the tax game. If we have an income tax, then all forms of income should be taxed equally.

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JackMcKee 1 year, 10 months ago

Ayn Rand. Ron Paul. Alex Jones. That is all I have to say about libertarianism.

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verity 1 year, 10 months ago

My main problem with libertarianism is that for many of it's adherents it seems to be as much of an ideology as any extreme fundamentalist religion. I would like to have a discussion with a libertarian who is open to listening and considering other views.

I read this article this morning, which I found very interesting.

http://truth-out.org/news/item/9409-the-oligarchys-rule-of-law-from-russian-to-oklahoma

If history is any indication, there will now be vicious attacks.

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kugrad 1 year, 10 months ago

It's very telling that the first to complain about the article include a non-Kansan with an extremely radical point of view typical of a fringe political movement. Then comes the chorus to put quotations around "expert" because, perhaps lacking one themselves, they don't value education and recognize expertise. When the counter-argument is to dismiss the expert without any substantive questioning of his credentials to speak to the issue at hand, you are not dealing with a rebuttal, but with propaganda) or a person who has bought into non-reason-based arguments.

The article is basically an accurate description of the law by an expert.

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cowboy 1 year, 10 months ago

In his characteristically colorful style, Simpson told CNN's Fareed Zakaria that Republicans' rigid opposition to new tax revenues has hampered productivity and diminished the chances of reaching an agreement with Democrats on debt reduction.

"You can’t cut spending your way out of this hole," Simpson, who was appointed as co-chair of President Obama's Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform in 2010, said. "You can’t grow your way out of this hole, and you can’t tax your way out of this hole. So put that in your pipe and smoke it, we tell these people. This is madness."

Simpson continued: "If you want to be a purist, go somewhere on a mountaintop and praise the east or something. But if you want to be in politics, you learn to compromise. And you learn to compromise on the issue without compromising yourself. Show me a guy who won’t compromise and I’ll show you a guy with rock for brains."

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Slowponder 1 year, 10 months ago

Fossick,

Partners take most of their income in the form of dividends, which are not subject to FICA, and now are not subject to state income taxes. Professor Dickinson's analsys is dead on, your analysis is not only false and bogus, but lacking connection to reality.

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Richard Heckler 1 year, 10 months ago

Brownback added a tax increase on each vehicle at time of each motorized vehicle registration renewal. $4.00 each

It's called a DMV modernization fee = the new $40,000,000 computer that has been malfunctioning.

A fee is a tax simple as that. Look for more tax increases hidden behind the word fee or rate.

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Fossick 1 year, 10 months ago

"In a law firm, for example, the partners will pay no tax, while the clerical staff will continue on the tax rolls."

Do the partners pay income tax at the regular federal and state rates on the income they receive from the partnership? Yes they do. Claim is false, letter is bogus. Next?

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JuanitaGolightly 1 year, 10 months ago

Republicans are always complaining about people who don't pay any tax (because they don't earn enough to do so, overlooking the fact that the poor pay disproportionate amounts of their income as sales taxes, the most regressive tax of all). Perhaps liberals should join in on this, now, and disparage all those who are not doing their fair share in contributing to the betterment of the state...especially since most of them now are those who are most able to do so.

The Republicans are all about supporting these freeloaders, and those who enacted this (and those who support them) are hypocrites! Sure, I'd be all in favor of supporting small businesses, but welfare for corporations and wealthy individuals is idiocracy at its best.

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Mixolydian 1 year, 10 months ago

I'm only going to comment on the article and not the tax bill (of which I'm still shocked it was signed)

The headline says "most regressive in the nation."

The article says "among the most regressive in the nation,"

Which one is it?

It would have been a more interesting and informative article if the author had compared Kansas' tax rates to other state's tax rates.

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camper 1 year, 10 months ago

Looks like we are moving toward a plutocracy as mentioned in the above comments. Seems like we are throwing away all of the progress, the middle class, and the best infrastructure in the world (post WWII) for such a small minority of the wealthy. Do we forget how much our free market system has prospered and assisted by progress, the middle class, and infrastructure?

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laughingatallofu 1 year, 10 months ago

It's a race to the bottom. Sam Brownback idolizes Rick Perry, and wants Kansas to be as in deep doo-doo as Texas is. This tax law may very well get us there. By the time the citizens of Kansas who elected this governor/legislature realize the wreckage produced by these yahoos, it'll be too late. A lot of people are going to get rich and won't care, and a lot of people are going to be, well, screwed. And don't forget that Sam still wants to be President of them United States of 'merica so that he can get Congress to pass a law designating Sundays fro 7 to 8 pm "Family Hour". Henry Louis Mencken once said, "No one has ever gone broke underestimating the intelligence of the American People."

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Joe Hyde 1 year, 10 months ago

I appreciate the clarity of Mr. Dickinson's article and hope that soon he submits a follow-up article in which he lists the states that, in his view, offer fair tax systems. That information would be useful to Kansans who have begun seriously thinking of leaving here to take up residence in another state where both the political tone and tax structure are balanced and fair.

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ksjayhawk74 1 year, 10 months ago

The original Boston Tea Party was about taxation without representation.

In Brownbackistan we have to deal with representation without taxation.

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turtle524 1 year, 10 months ago

This is just a example of modern day slavery people. The rich making money on someone elses back. We voted these people into office and they are robbing us blind. Wake up people!!!!

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pace 1 year, 10 months ago

This will destroy infrastructure generations of Kansans have built up through hard work and working together. It will hurt Kansas, we will drop below Mississippi in wretched service and education. Home owners will especially be paying Koch and industries bills.

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FalseHopeNoChange 1 year, 10 months ago

"Kansas government relies on three taxes: property, sales and income. Property and sales taxes are regressive in the sense that a lower-income person pays more of these taxes as a percent of income than does a higher-income person."

So?

Make more money. Then your % will be lower. You see. It's like the 'unemployment rate'. If you don't count everyone unemployed the % is lower.

Neat trick.

So. "in the sense" Make more money.

It's not fair. It's not "social justice" that I have to pay 'more' in taxes with a lower % than those that pay 'less' in taxes with a higher % and they get all the 'attention'. The crocodile tears from complex intellectual Expert Liberals.

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Crazy_Larry 1 year, 10 months ago

And the working class lay down and take in the backside without lifting a finger to prevent it. Bread and circuses certainly do work to subdue the commoners! Tar and feathers are too good for these 'elected' menaces to society.

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KWCoyote 1 year, 10 months ago

As I posted previously on the Gov's tax bill, the stuff will hit the fan soon and everyone who thought the plan sounded good will have occasion to rethink their views. Might make a wreck of the school system, housing market and state agencies though. I wish I were in a position to sell out and leave the state now and beat the rush.

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KWCoyote 1 year, 10 months ago

Brownback's trying to make history and he'll do it, by cracky! He's not smart enough to be the best governor, but he's got a real good shot at being the worst governor, and that's just as famous a status! Now if only we could get him to beat his wife or starve his kids, that would be icing on the cake. He doesn't actually have to be mad at his wife, just beat her for winning public disapproval, just part of the overall effort to be the worst governor. He needs additional suggestions on how to do this too. I suggest we provide him with those extra ideas on how to become the worst governor in history.

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toe 1 year, 10 months ago

The only fair tax is no tax. The closer to zero for all, the fairer for all.

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camper 1 year, 10 months ago

Too bad that this tax act is not about fairness or fiscal soundness. It is regressive and shifts the burden to employees and those who pay property taxes. There is an optimal tax level where society benefits through services and the economy benefits via public sector employment. Tax rates that are too high diminish this benefit. Too low, you diminish the benefits of services and employment not to mention budget shortfalls.

This bill is taking too far the wrong way and will give corporations more power. And corporations are taking in record profits.....even while in such a week economy (I think it close to depression).

For all I see on these pages about fear of Socialism, increasing the power and influence of corporations is equally as bad.

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Bob_Keeshan 1 year, 10 months ago

Interesting that on the same day, Koch Industries for Prosperity (AFP) has a column in the Topeka paper http://cjonline.com/opinion/2012-05-26/letter-conservative-group-lauds-tax-cuts where they claim the tax shift will create jobs.

As this writer so clearly points out, in terms of funding the services Kansans agreed to in their state constitution 150 years ago this tax shift actually eliminates jobs by creating far fewer taxpayers than there are today.

That is why this experiment is doomed to failure. Its only possible outcome is either increased sales and property taxes or an elimination of state government in Kansas.

Forget the talk about four-day school weeks, this tax shift will lead to four-day court weeks and even four-day prison weeks. On Fridays, the prisoners fend for themselves.

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Phillbert 1 year, 10 months ago

Republicans used to talk about encouraging people to work. Now they've made it so the only people who will be taxed are those who aren't rich enough to run all of their money through a corporation or live off of their investments. Everyone else who works for a living will get to foot the bill.

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JackMcKee 1 year, 10 months ago

So we've heard from a tax expert on the issue . Cue b.s. expert Dave Trabert's and his pithy rebuttal. Well, Dave, we're waiting.

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JackMcKee 1 year, 10 months ago

Martin Dickenson has it right. This is a major embarrassment for this good state. Brownback is the worst Governor in this state and possibly any state's history.

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JackMcKee 1 year, 10 months ago

Liberty-1 did you know that Ayn Rand took Social Security under a different name? Pastries for thought.

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Steven Gaudreau 1 year, 10 months ago

Martin,

I know a lot of employees who make $200,000 or more annually and I know a lot of small business owners who struggle to pay their employees and keep business afloat. Most small business owners are not rich.

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verity 1 year, 10 months ago

I've said it before, but I'm going to say it again. We don't need more government or less government, we need the right amount of government. Our world is changing faster every day and the government we need now is not what we needed in the past. When our country was founded, there were no motor cars or computers. Women couldn't vote, or, in many cases, control their own property. Many humans were held as property.

As time went on, laws were passed to make things more equitable---to give everybody more of a chance to follow the American dream. This piece is probably the most coherent I have read on what the results of our new tax law will be. We are going backwards at a breathtaking speed. If we don't put the breaks on quickly, it will be disaster.

V O T E in the next election and do your homework before you vote. You all have the internet, make use of it.

Make sure the people who brought us this are held accountable.

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rtwngr 1 year, 10 months ago

Another Keynsian disciple. Maybe, just maybe, the lowering of taxes on income producers will stimulate more hiring thereby expanding the tax base and growing the Kansas economy. As for the spending cuts. Good. The social system needs to be leaned down. Mr. Nationally Recognized Expert in Tax Law is not Mr. Nationally Recognized Expert in Economics.

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cato_the_elder 1 year, 10 months ago

This piece will receive accolades from leftists. It cleverly fails to mention, however, the specific fact that those whose Kansas income taxes will be reduced under this law are still subject to paying all kinds of federal income taxes at rates that have always been much higher than those in Kansas, and that the federal tax burden of Kansas residents could substantially increase if the wrong people are elected in November.

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Liberty275 1 year, 10 months ago

Consequences, elections have them. Why do you hate democracy?

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autie 1 year, 10 months ago

My concern now is how long is it going to take before everyone realizes this bamboozle ain't creating jobs and new revenue? Will the Brownites just keep saying it needs a little more time? The worm will turn when the moderates wrest control from the nutjobs..but how long?

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Chuck Woodling 1 year, 10 months ago

Thanks for stripping away the rhetoric and penning a coherent article about the new Kansas tax law. You would have been the pride of the Southwest Trail if you had opted for journalism over law.

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waiting 1 year, 10 months ago

So does this mean the profit from rental properties will be tax free? Will the bigger rental companies in Lawrence then lower rents? Yeah right.

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Cait McKnelly 1 year, 10 months ago

Next up on the Koch agenda is that pesky state constitution forcing the state to budget the schools.

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Cait McKnelly 1 year, 10 months ago

Be prepared for a mass exodus from the state. The only people left will be the wealthy (if they bother to live there) and the very poor who can't afford to leave.

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forwarder 1 year, 10 months ago

And "progressive" has been a smashing success?

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WilburM 1 year, 10 months ago

This is one of the best pieces of writing in the LJW for many months, if not years. It is crystal clear, and cuts away all the rhetoric about this massive experiment. The Kochs, with their myriad trusts and Chapter S corporations, are huge winners here. the citizens of Kansas are the losers, big time.

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tange 1 year, 10 months ago

Kansas, as regressive as you think.

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FalseHopeNoChange 1 year, 10 months ago

Hey! "Expert"!

It's 'not' Brownie's money. He can be as "regressive" as he wants.

And "Expert",,, did you know one actually has to 'make money' to get a 'tax cut'?

..of course you did. You're an expert at a government institution...wait a minute...

...now I see. You are the one of the one's Brownie is being "regressive" on.

That's why you wrote this 'hit piece'.

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Les Blevins 1 year, 10 months ago

What else would we expect when our so called "representatives" allow the state to be taken over by corporations? We must elect no others but those who promise to roll this back into the dustbin of history.

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anotherview 1 year, 10 months ago

Cutting taxes is one thing. Cutting taxes unfairly is what Kansas has done. Just look at the specific groups of former taxpayers who will no longer have to pay any Kansas income tax. I doubt that many, if any, of these groups will be so called "job creators".

Thank you for pointing this out, professor.

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Liberty_One 1 year, 10 months ago

Obviously they did not cut taxes enough. Property and sales taxes need to be cut next. Thank you for pointing this out, professor.

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