Archive for Thursday, December 15, 2011

Panetta formally shuts down US war in Iraq

December 15, 2011


— After nearly nine years, 4,500 American dead and 100,000 Iraqi dead, U.S. officials formally shut down the war in Iraq — a conflict that Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said was worth the American sacrifice because it set Iraq on a path to democracy.

Panetta stepped off his military plane in Baghdad Thursday as the leader of America's war in Iraq, but departed as one of many U.S. and global officials who hope to work with the struggling nation as it tries to find its new place in the Middle East and the broader world.

Bombings and gun battles are still common. And experts are concerned about the Iraqi security force's ability to defend the nation against foreign threats.

In addition to the dead, the war left 32,000 Americans wounded and cost the U.S. more than $800 billion.

Still, Panetta said earlier this week, it "has not been in vain."

Panetta and several other U.S. diplomatic, military and defense leaders participated Thursday in a symbolic ceremony during which the flag of U.S. Forces-Iraq was officially retired, or "cased," according to Army tradition. The U.S. Forces-Iraq flag was furled around a flagpole and covered in camouflage. It will be brought back to the United States.

"You will leave with great pride — lasting pride," Panetta told the troops. "Secure in knowing that your sacrifice has helped the Iraqi people to begin a new chapter in history."

During a stop in Afghanistan this week, Panetta described the mission as "making that country sovereign and independent and able to govern and secure itself."

That, he said, is "a tribute to everybody — everybody who fought in that war, everybody who spilled blood in that war, everybody who was dedicated to making sure we could achieve that mission."

Iraqi citizens offered a more pessimistic assessment. "The Americans are leaving behind them a destroyed country," said Mariam Khazim of Sadr City. "The Americans did not leave modern schools or big factories behind them. Instead, they left thousands of widows and orphans."

The Iraq Body Count website says more than 100,000 Iraqis have been killed since the U.S. invasion in 2003.

A member of the political coalition loyal to anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr saw another message in the U.S. withdrawal. "The American ceremony represents the failure of the U.S. occupation of Iraq due to the great resistance of the Iraqi people," said Sadrist lawmaker Amir al-Kinani.

Panetta echoed President Barack Obama's promise that the U.S. plans to keep a robust diplomatic presence in Iraq, foster a deep and lasting relationship with the nation and maintain a strong military force in the region.

As of Thursday, there were two U.S. bases and about 4,000 U.S. troops in Iraq — a dramatic drop from the roughly 500 military installations and as many as 170,000 troops during the surge ordered by President George W. Bush in 2007, when violence and raging sectarianism gripped the country. All U.S. troops are slated to be out of Iraq by the end of the year, but officials are likely to meet that goal a bit before then.

The total U.S. departure is a bit earlier than initially planned, and military leaders worry that it is a bit premature for the still maturing Iraqi security forces, who face continuing struggles to develop the logistics, air operations, surveillance and intelligence sharing capabilities they will need in what has long been a difficult neighborhood.

U.S. officials were unable to reach an agreement with the Iraqis on legal issues and troop immunity that would have allowed a small training and counterterrorism force to remain. U.S. defense officials said they expect there will be no movement on that issue until sometime next year.

Still, despite Obama's earlier contention that all American troops would be home for Christmas, at least 4,000 forces will remain in Kuwait for some months. The troops will be able to help finalize the move out of Iraq, but could also be used as a quick reaction force if needed.

Obama met in Washington with Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki earlier this week, vowing to remain committed to Iraq as the two countries struggle to define their new relationship. Ending the war was an early goal of the Obama administration, and Thursday's ceremony will allow the president to fulfill a crucial campaign promise during a politically opportune time. The 2012 presidential race is roiling and Republicans are in a ferocious battle to determine who will face off against Obama in the election.

Panetta acknowledged the difficulties for Iraq in the coming years, as the country tries to find its footing.

"They're going face challenges in the future," Panetta said Wednesday during a visit with troops in Afghanistan. "They'll face challenges from terrorism, they'll face challenges from those that would want to divide their country. They'll face challenges from just the test of democracy, a new democracy and trying to make it work. But the fact is, we have given them the opportunity to be able to succeed."

The ceremony at Baghdad International Airport also featured remarks from Army Gen. Martin Dempsey, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Gen. Lloyd Austin, the top U.S. commander in Iraq.

Austin is leading the massive logistical challenge of shuttering hundreds of bases and combat outposts, and methodically moving more than 50,000 U.S. troops and their equipment out of Iraq over the last year — while still conducting training, security assistance and counterterrorism battles.

The war "tested our military's strength and our ability to adapt and evolve," he said, noting the development of the new counterinsurgency doctrine.

Over the coming days, the final few thousand U.S. troops will leave Iraq in orderly caravans and tightly scheduled flights — a marked contrast to the shock and awe that rocked the country on March 20, 2003, as the U.S. invasion began.

Saddam Hussein has been ousted, the reports of weapons of mass destruction largely laid to rest. And the future of a nascent democracy awaits.


Clark Coan 3 years, 11 months ago

What about this:

US President Barak Obama said Washington will pull out all of its troops from Iraq, but there are reports that 15,000 employees will remain at the huge US embassy in Baghdad in addition to several thousands of private security contractors or mercenaries as they're also known.

Also, thousands of CIA soldiers will remain.

Richard Heckler 3 years, 11 months ago

Yes it has been estimated that 150,000 private army people are on the tax dollar payroll at many times the cost of a USA soldier. The private army people answer to their employer (Blackwater etc etc etc) rather than the military.

Until this large group mercenaries is off the USA payroll we're a long way from being gone.

irvan moore 3 years, 11 months ago

it's like deja vu all over again for some of us

DillonBarnes 3 years, 11 months ago

It's amazing you can write so much and say so little.

gccs14r 3 years, 11 months ago

That $800 billion figure should be somewhere north of three trillion.

asixbury 3 years, 11 months ago

I would not congratulate the Bush administration for anything. They destroyed this country and left the mess that Obama is now trying to clean up. But what can we expect from a president that has the lowest IQ of any president in American history?

gccs14r 3 years, 11 months ago

"President Carter's IQ is 176 and he's considered among the 20th century's worst presidents"

By people who have no concept of reality. He inherited the fiscal problems of the Nixon administration.

Ron Holzwarth 3 years, 11 months ago

No, he believes in the 'Inheritance of Responsibility' theory.

asixbury 3 years, 11 months ago

The president that has to clean up the previous one's mess is always given a bad shake to begin with. They have very little chance of being viewed in a positive light. They spend the majority of their term trying to clean up someone else's mess before they can really kick off their own plans. I'm not saying I support Jimmy Carter. I'm not saying I don't, either. I was not alive then, so I have no opinion on that matter.

tomatogrower 3 years, 11 months ago

I was alive then, in my twenties. Carter had to deal with an OPEC embargo that created super inflation, because the US decided to continue funding the Israeli army, which modern day conservatives support.
He had to deal with a hostage crisis, instead of campaign for a second term, because Iranians were mad that the US had helped train the Shah's secret police, who terrorized the nation. And they were angry that Carter had brokered a peace treaty between Israel and Egypt. Note that they freed the hostages on the day of Reagan's inauguration. That was a clear message that they were punishing Carter. I'm can't see that any of this, except the peace treaty was Carter's fault. Should he not have worked for peace? How many of our modern day politicians on the right or left, would give up their chance at reelection to work full time as president during a crisis?

asixbury 3 years, 11 months ago

Thank you for updating me. I never knew why so many people hated Carter.

yourworstnightmare 3 years, 11 months ago

Nation building by deposing dictators works!

As long as you are willing to pay trillions of dollars, 4400 lives, and 30,000 injuries.

Ron Holzwarth 3 years, 11 months ago

Don't forget - the possible future consequences!

Such as happened on 9-11, which is was the result of what is called called "blowback" occurred. That is a term that was apparently coined by the CIA (the Central Intelligence Agency), which is an agency of the United States government.

9-11 was the direct result of foreign involvements by the United States that emerged decades later when the American people, who seem to have very short memories, blew up in our face on our television screens - if we were lucky enough to not be inside the World Trade Center towers at at the moment it occurred.

People don't have to forget history if they never even learn of it when it happens. And, our government seems to have a really bad habit of not letting us know when real history occurs, or else puts such a spin on it all that it becomes meaningless.

I am sorry that the video is thirteen minutes and thirty seven seconds long, but it makes some terrifically valid points that every voter should be aware of.

No one should ever forget - Osama bin Laden and Saddam Hussein were armed by the United States as long as it was convenient to do so. And then, we were surprised when our own weapons were then turned upon us.

If the American people don't start vote wisely very quickly, there is no hope at all for the future of our nation.

jhawkinsf 3 years, 11 months ago

"No one should ever forget - Osama Bin Laden and Saddam Hussein were armed by the United States as long as it was convenient to do so". You're assuming that we either knew or should have known how things would turn out. Wasn't it you who said the other day that when dealing with other cultures we won't know how they will react, or something to that effect. The fact is we muddle along, making the best decisions we can at any given time. Many will turn out to be wrong when examined with 20/20 hindsight. But even that hindsight isn't really 20/20, since we will never know what would have happened had we made other decisions or no decision at all. The next president we elect, whomever that is, may turn out to be a great president, a bold statesman, a genuine peacemaker and consensus builder. Or he may be the worst president we've ever elected. No one can say with any certainty which it will be. Who knows, he may be a she.

Brock Masters 3 years, 11 months ago

Probably right. Sure wasn't the American people.

Ron Holzwarth 3 years, 11 months ago

Who won? The cockroaches that will inherit the Earth.

parrothead8 3 years, 11 months ago

None of the stupid politics or silly details you all are arguing really matter to the soldiers who get to come home. Welcome home, ladies and gents.

Mike Ford 3 years, 11 months ago

it's truly amazing when people of publically verifiable deficiencies call a former president of this country the worst but again that's a matter of that person's opinion and the networks they chose to be brainwashed by. The Camp David Accord, numerous works towards the betterment of our society as a whole, and the courage to see the and acknowledge the problems this country had lingering from Vietnam, Watergate, and President Nixon. The GOP, the evangelicals, and the george wallace recruited angry archie bunkers had no courage and did the whole god bless supply side economics mess and annoited a movie actor and a former Democrat to create a bigger mess we've spent a couple of decades trying to dig out of.

verity 3 years, 11 months ago

"It's over and nobody won." (Kris Kristofferson)

Except that it's not over and not only are many extremely expensive contractors still going to be there indefinitely at our expense, from what I heard on NPR yesterday, there is still no oversight of how they spend the tax money we give them.

But I'll still go with the "nobody won."

Jeremiah Jefferson 3 years, 11 months ago

I am glad that most of the troops are coming home. But to say that the war in Iraq is offically over is a bold faced lie. I have served and will always support the servicemen and women who go into harms way. But I will in no way support a war based on false accusations and information supplied by the crooked US government. The only thing accomplished in Iraq is that Sadam Huesain is dead. Thats great. But to be honest, the people in Iraq were for the most part probably better off with him in power than out. Atleast then there was some kind of social order and stability. Now they have to worry about gunfights and bombings on a daily basis. Its foolish to think that the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan started with 9-11. Those wars were in the making 50-60 years ago. I truely am sorry for all the American lives lost in both wars and those lost on 9-11. But the truth of the matter is our government is to blame. They brought this uppon the inocent people of our country.

tomatogrower 3 years, 11 months ago

Welcome home to the troops who have returned.

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