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Archive for Sunday, March 28, 2010

The Daisy Dozer’s Day

Lore surrounding a bygone roller coaster lingers in east Lawrence neighborhood

The 'Daisy Dozer' in Woodland Park in east Lawrence, circa 1915. Photo courtesy of Louise Albert Mueller and Watkins Community Museum of History

The 'Daisy Dozer' in Woodland Park in east Lawrence, circa 1915. Photo courtesy of Louise Albert Mueller and Watkins Community Museum of History

March 28, 2010

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What is that thing?

This story is part of our new “What is that thing?” series, which takes a look at the stories behind unusual objects around our community. If you have a mysterious object that you’d like us to look into, e-mail it to features(at)ljworld.com

Find all stories in this series.

This concrete block in the woods near 12th and Prospect might have been a footing for one of the roller coaster's supports, says neighbor and South Junior High School teacher Jill Jevens.

This concrete block in the woods near 12th and Prospect might have been a footing for one of the roller coaster's supports, says neighbor and South Junior High School teacher Jill Jevens.

Lawrence has long prided itself on being a progressive town, a town that keeps up with the times.

It's perhaps little surprise then that it had one of the U.S.'s earliest roller coasters back in 1910, just 25 years after Coney Island opened the first one.

Or maybe that is a surprise?

Anyway, you could hardly be faulted for not knowing there was ever a roller coaster here, much less at the turn of the century. It didn't leave much of a mark - even the history books have but trace mentions of the "Daisy Dozer" and the once-grand Woodland Park.

Lawrencian-by-way-of-Wisconsin Jill Jevens knows about Woodland Park, though, thanks to one of the subjects she teaches at South Junior High School - namely, the work of former Lawrencian and world-renowned poet, Langston Hughes.

Hughes' first novel, "Not Without Laughter," alludes to Woodland Park:

"The first of its kind in the city, with a merry-go-round, a shoot-the-shoots, a Ferris wheel, a dance-hall, and a bandstand for weekend concerts."

Jevens also knew that Woodland Park had been located near her home in the Brook Creek neighborhood. So when she stumbled upon a concrete pillar that looked like it had been there for more than a few decades, she wondered ...

Place
Brook Creek Park

1200 Brook St., Lawrence

"For some reason I pictured that those rides, like the roller coaster, were right here," she says while giving a tour through the wooded park north of 12th Street and Prospect Avenue. "Who knows, that stone could have been part of the roller coaster."

That certainly seems possible, but it's just as likely that no one will ever know for sure. Two known photos of the roller coaster - on file at the Watkins Community Museum of History - don't give much indication of where it stood in the 40-some acre park.

Even the location of the park itself was misidentified by David Dary in his 1992 book "Lawrence, Douglas County, Kansas: An Informal History." There, the west side of the park is identified as Thirteenth Street and Learnard Avenue.

Lawrencian Betty Mole wrote a letter to Watkins Museum on Jan. 25, 2002, to dispute Dary's account. Mole indicates, "the 1919 city directory ... lists Woodland Park at the east end of Twelfth Street."

Right where Jevens found the stone.

If the roller coaster was near the entrance to Woodland Park, the stone Jevens found might well have been from the Daisy Dozer.



Lawrence, pre-Depression

The 1910 Census recorded 12,374 people in town. Dary's "Pictorial History of Lawrence" notes that decade would yield 37 grocery stores, 22 doctors, 22 lawyers, 22 restaurants, 17 insurance agents, 11 car dealers, nine blacksmiths, three music stores, rail service to Bonner Springs and an electric street car service in town, among other amenities.

The street car service started in 1909 and proved to be as profitable as a recreation experience for Lawrencians as it was for transportation. The company providing the service decided making a recreational destination at its eastern terminus would encourage even more ridership. The July 10, 1909, Lawrence Daily-World records:

"A small amusement place is to be established in Lawrence this summer, the beginning of a real amusement park when the street car company gets ready to take up this matter. Permission has been given to put in a ferris wheel and other attractions on the two lots just next to the park where the skating rink formerly was."

In June of 1910, the Lawrence Amusement Co. took over Woodland Park and constructed the Daisy Dozer. The grounds' proximity to heavy rail lines made it a destination for traveling carnivals and circuses with exotic animals and celebrities like Buffalo Bill and his Wild West Show. A half-mile horse racing track was later built, as well as a baseball diamond, a football field and a large dance pavilion with a stage.

The Daily-World notes on Dec. 23, 1913, that, "The city enjoys a modern pleasure grounds, where old and young have been enabled to spend a day or evening under favorable weather conditions, without interference from an undesirable element. The attendance proved the popularity of Woodland Park."

Dorothy Roper, an 86-year-long resident of the east Lawrence neighborhood near historic Woodland Park.

Dorothy Roper, an 86-year-long resident of the east Lawrence neighborhood near historic Woodland Park.

Audio Clips
Oral history of Woodland Park, with Dorothy Roper

That's how Dorothy Roper remembers the park, too. The 87-year-old has lived in the Brook Creek neighborhood since she was 18 months old, and she has vivid memories of the park.

"From Friday to late Sunday night, this whole neighborhood smelled of fried chicken," she laughs, remembering the concession stands run by local churches. She spent a lot of time there with her friends, but she didn't go near the Daisy Dozer.

"Oh, no. No no no. I was never that brave!" Roper says. "I did ride the ferris wheel once. Roller coasters didn't interest me, and I never paid any attention to them. I wanted to live longer."



End of the ride

The park, though, was not destined to live much longer. When exactly it met its demise is obscured by history, but a 1923 article was foreboding:

"The owners were willing to deed the property to Douglas County on the condition that the county should improve the park ... No definite action was taken by the commissioners" (date and publication not preserved by newspaper clipping).

The next time a reference to "Woodland Park" appears in the papers was Nov. 24, 1932 (at least from what this reporter could find among the microfiche).

The park "had been offered to the City of Lawrence for park purposes free of cost, but with the obligation ... The commissioners refused to accept the park under such restrictions," reads the Douglas County Republican.

For years, the park's trustees refused the city's counter-proposal that they be allowed to use the park for "industrial sites, should the occasion for such ever arise."

The Republican laments what seems to be Woodland Park's imminent doom:

It is "the only piece of property adjacent to Lawrence suitable for general park and amusement purposes. It is the only place where a circus can pitch its tents and have city water and electricity available, and the only place where carnivals may be held. For years it has also been used for baseball and football games."

Dorothy Roper remembers Woodland Park slowly fading away. "Everybody just kind of went away, it just gradually ended," she says.

Watkins' second photo of the 'Daisy Dozer' in Woodland Park.

Watkins' second photo of the 'Daisy Dozer' in Woodland Park.

It's unclear what happened to Woodland Park over the next 40 years. A recently digitized version of a 1960 Lawrence Journal-World is available on Google by searching "Daisy Dozer Woodland Park," but holds no clue as to the park's demise. Also, the Rollercoaster Database records that the Daisy Dozer (a.k.a. "Casey's Coaster") operated "to 1920s," and then was SBNO — or standing but not operable — "from 1920s to 1951." Roper cannot recall exactly when she last saw the roller coaster operating.

It would seem that the owner - N.P. Dodge Corp., of Omaha - eventually sold portions of the land. At some point several houses were built on the land.

Starting in 1974, those houses precipitated the city's current ownership of the property. It was one of the first issues that Mike Wildgen dealt with as the new assistant city manager. He said the area was prone to frequent flooding, but improving drainage was not a viable option.

"There was no way to widen the creek without ripping out people's backyards," says Wildgen, who has since left city government and works at Watkins Museum. "So over time it was acquired by the city," and the houses were removed.

A small portion of the land was indeed turned into an industrial site for city crews, but most was returned to parkland. Fred DeVictor, who retired from the Lawrence Parks and Recreation Department three years ago, says it was restored to be a neighborhood park, called Brook Creek Park.

"The intent was to keep it natural, which is what the neighbors wanted," says DeVictor. "It's a beautiful woodland."

Langston Hughes, foreground, stands outside his boyhood home in Lawrence in this circa 1914 photo. Hughes left Lawrence a year later to live with his mother in Lincoln, Ill. He eventually moved to New York, where he became the literary stalwart of the 1920s Harlem Renaissance cultural movement. The man in the background is unidentified.

Langston Hughes, foreground, stands outside his boyhood home in Lawrence in this circa 1914 photo. Hughes left Lawrence a year later to live with his mother in Lincoln, Ill. He eventually moved to New York, where he became the literary stalwart of the 1920s Harlem Renaissance cultural movement. The man in the background is unidentified.



Not without laughter

Were it not for Langston Hughes, Woodland Park might have been all but forgotten. But Hughes' memory of the park is a problematic one for this Free State town. Although his school, New York Elementary, had been integrated some 40 years before Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, at least one day at Woodland Park was not.

The story told in "Not Without Laughter" stems from a children's party thrown on Aug. 19, 1910. The Daily Journal had announced "all the children between the ages of 6 and 13" were urged to attend, but on Aug. 17 it clarified:

"The Journal has been asked if the colored children will be in attendance. The Journal knows the colored children have no desire to attend a social event of this kind and that they will not want to go. This is purely a social affair and of course everyone in town knows what that means."

For her part, Dorothy Roper was surprised to learn this piece of history.

"No colored people were barred (from Woodland Park) that I can remember," Roper says. She says one of her best friends, Dorris Suggs, was black, and they went to the park all the time. "But they didn't participate as much, I think, as they could have."

But, she says, no doubt a lot of things happened here that she missed out on - like riding the Daisy Dozer. "There's a lot of history here that people don't even know about."

Comments

TheBigW 4 years, 8 months ago

Ms. Roper is my grandmother, I grew up there and spent a lot of time as a kid and adult in the woods. Those pillers that are standing, I've asked my grandma about a number of times, according to her those were part of a big horse barn. (you can still see the flat area where the track was) The barn was up the hill from the track and there was a big fire and the barn burned to the ground, she said and a lot of race horses died. She dose in fact have a lot of stories about the park as well as that side of town, her mothers house is long gone (across the street) but the old sidewalk remians to what was the back door. Her child hood home was first on the block to have city water and plumbing, her dad and grand dad made 5 cents an hour to dig their own ditch for the lines. Her dad and grand dad were both masons and worked on a number of buildings around town, most of the KU campus, the Haskell campus and the older churches in downtown, even some of the old brick streets, she tells stories about taking them lunch to work sites and she gave some rare photos to Haskell U of the stadium being build and her dad standing there in front just before opening day.

I've been trying to get her to write down her memories and names on old family photos from the late 1800 and early 1900's, but she dosen't do it, I have taken her arond oak park and with video in hand interviewed her and had her talk about each grave and who that person was, their all over the place out there. She is all the time talking about stuff about living on the same block in Lawrence for 88 years now. Her side of the family have been here in Lawrence from before Quantrill's raid. One of the orginal family homes still stands today at 812 Conn. st.

TheEleventhStephanie 4 years, 8 months ago

Interesting. These history features are pretty cool.

Jill Jevens 4 years, 8 months ago

Well done, Phil. Nice research. My students will get a kick out of seeing this!

webmocker 4 years, 8 months ago

Good story.

It reminds me that there used to be (torn down in the late 60s or early 70s, I think) a very large, multilane slide on 6th Street, just east of Iowa Stree on the north side of 6th Street, roughly where the pawn shop is now. Does the LJWorld or anyone else reading this have pictures of that?

hartk678 4 years, 8 months ago

Love this. But a little disappointed that the Parks and Rec Department doesn't have anything on their website or on location acknowledging the history of the park. I suppose it could be something that, until a story like this, was lost to history and the folks currently running the P&R dept. knew nothing about it.

Jill Jevens 4 years, 8 months ago

Agreed! (hartk678) I think an historic marker is in order in Brook Creek Park, acknowledging Woodland Park and its tie to Langston Hughes. Overall, I think we need more reasons to interview ladies like Mrs. Roper. We need to preserve history that otherwise would eventually be lost to time. I'd like to see Lawrencians continue to seek out the detail of our town's dramatic and complex history and embrace it.

pimarkos 4 years, 8 months ago

I remember in the mid to late twenties going to a circus at Woodland Park and while we were at the circus my parents car was stolen and we had to walk to the streetcar and ride the streetcar as far as we could and then walk the rest of the way home. It was late at night. The police found the car in St. Louis, MO. where it had been totally stripped and of no use to anyone. I was probably about 7 or 8 years old. Fond memories.

Fatty_McButterpants 4 years, 8 months ago

BigW: Maybe you could get a history major at the University, or someone working at Watkins Museum, to record & transcribe your grandma's stories?

ohseriously 4 years, 8 months ago

I would love to learn more about this type of Kansas history! Amazes me that "colored children would have not desire to attend"! We all know what that means.....Very subtle!

down_the_river 4 years, 8 months ago

Thanks JW for a great story that many in town would not otherwise know about. It'll be added to the history book of the Woodland Park. I had always heard that the street car system made more money on the tickets for the trolley going to the park than they made on the tickets for admission to the park. Over the years, as more people in town got cars and drove to Woodland, fewer took the trolley, and the revenues dropped for the company, putting the whole enterprise in decline.

editer 4 years, 8 months ago

Very interesting feedback from readers at the Kansas Water Office...they've passed along a "LiDAR" image of the historic Woodland Park:

http://media.lawrence.com/img/special/pic_LiDAR_racetrack_032910_db.JPG

(LiDAR — or Light Detection And Ranging — is an optical remote sensing technology that measures properties of scattered light to find range and/or other information of a distant target, typically using laser pulses.)

Debra Baker at KWO read the article and remembered a coworker, Tina Rajala, who had spotted an anomaly in an LiDAR of East Lawrence that looked like a race track. She sent story link to Tina and here's what she said:

Deb: This LiDAR image was collected in 2006 by Douglas County (it was part of a 14-entity contract with the USGS to collect LiDAR along the Kansas River corridor). The GIS department for DG County has the original data; as does the Data Access and Support Center. I got this image from Ingrid Landgraf at the USGS in Lawrence. It definitely supports the article's location of the Woodland Park, and the Daisy Dozer, as north of 12th St and Prospect Ave. Thanks for sharing the article! Tina

editer 4 years, 8 months ago

Thanks for all the feedback from everyone...it's sincerely appreciated! I've received an unusually large amount of emails for this particular story, one of which I wanted to share (with the emailer's permission) because of its mention of "Langston Hughes's memory."

Dear Mr. Cauthon: Thank you so very much for the jewel of an article on the "Daisy Dozer"; it made my day.  In fact, for the first time in many weeks I felt that the price of buying a Sunday Lawrence Journal-World was indeed worth it.  Your article is well-researched and written, and opened up (for me at least) a whole new area of Lawrence history. Originally from Wichita, I have called Lawrence my home since 1967.  

I have always been fascinated by the history, beauty, and lore that makes this town the most special place in Kansas.  Naturally, I was delighted to read your wonderful article with avid interest.  I have some reservations about the accuracy of Langston Hughes's memory of the amusement park, since I teach his work occasionally, and any close study of it reveals a certain agenda that he was always attempting to further.  Actually, we'll probably never know the truth about that.

Again, thanks much for this wonderful piece of historical, investigative journalism.  Kudos!

Sincerely, Stephen Evans, Ph.D. Department of English, The University of Kansas <

It was a bit difficult to track down the ad for the kids' party and the subsequent "About That Party" column, attributed to the Aug. 17, 1910 Daily Journal — mostly because the Lawrence Journal-World today represents the merger of some 40 papers over the years (Lawrence has had at least 104 papers since it was founded in 1854; the Daily World acquired the Daily Journal on Dec. 19, 1914, because the latter was in severe debt).

Many, but by no means all, of those papers that ultimately merged with the Daily World are preserved in the Lawrence Journal-World's microfiche archive. After some digging, I did find the ad and column in the Daily Journal that Hughes wrote about.

It would be interesting to comb through all the other papers around that time to see if any other columns were written about the party and the column — that is, to see whether the attitude in "About That Party" was prevalent in town or more of a reflection of one party organizer's point of view. A great project for a KU student perhaps~

somedude20 4 years, 8 months ago

This comment was removed by the site staff for violation of the usage agreement.

Jill Jevens 4 years, 8 months ago

Regarding Dr. Evans' "hesitations", of course there are good reasons for that. No direct link appears to exist that ties the Daily Journal's content to his fictious story about "Sandy" and the party in "Stanton". However, I am struck by the circumstantial nature of these details. Hughes would have been 8 1/2 years old and living in Lawrence when the paper's editor decided to throw himself a big birthday party at Woodland Park, and he had decided to celebrate by treating the city's children to this free day. It is hard to imagine that a party, publicized in the newspaper and free for children would have gone un-noticed by any child in town. Then, to have published that "colored" children essentially weren't invited is noteworthy. Even if Hughes had not been turned away at the gate, certainly that intelligent and precocious child (who a few years later would observe dissection of human cadavers on the KU campus because he was curious!) would have been able to imagine the possibility of such a moment.

editer 4 years, 8 months ago

UPDATE: An enterprising LJWorld.com reader created a composite view of the LiDAR image and Google satellite/street maps to make the location of the racetrack more clear... very cool: http://www2.ljworld.com/weblogs/did_i...

editer 4 years, 8 months ago

UPDATE: KU Libraries avails 1937 aerial image of Woodland Park http://www2.ljworld.com/news/2010/mar...

poppygirl 4 years, 8 months ago

I remember the giant slide webmocker is referring to on 6th Street, pretty sure you went down it inside a type of gunny sack material. Boy those were the days !!!!

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