Pamplona, Spain Hordes of humans will sprint ahead of thundering beasts this week at Pamplona’s famed running of the bulls, but Spain’s most storied fiesta is being overshadowed by a crisis in the bullring.
A proposed regional bullfighting ban is combining with grim economic times to send a chill through the national pastime.
Pamplona’s historic old quarter comes under the international spotlight because its bullfights are preceded by thousands of thrill-seekers chased by bulls that invariably end up goring some humans on cobblestoned streets en route to bloody deaths in the ring.
But across Spain, the number of bullfights has dropped from about 1,000 in 2008 to a projected 800 or less this year, as local governments that have always subsidized small-town bullfights cut budgets because of declining tax revenue.
Bullfights, or corridas in Spanish, have become a luxury when cuts must be made by town councils to maintain funding for schools, social programs and road repairs.
Making matters worse for bullfighting aficionados, the vast northeastern Catalonia region, where more than 10 percent of Spain’s 46 million people live, could wind up without bullfights when provincial legislators vote on a proposed ban in mid-July.
That would shut down Catalonia’s last bullring in the city of Barcelona, though it wouldn’t ban other bull spectacles like “correbou,” where people chase bulls through the streets, and “bouembolat,” where bulls are forced to run around with flaming wax balls on their horns.
Animal rights activists say the gory spectacles are one of the planet’s most blatant forms of animal cruelty. They hope a ban in Catalonia nine years after the Canary Islands enacted a similar one could prompt other Spanish regions to follow suit.
“It would be a huge step forward, Catalonia telling Spain and the rest of the world that they are not for torturing animals,” said Mimi Bekhechi, special projects manager and anti-bullfighting campaigner for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals.
Bullfight defenders insist the tradition is still so strong that bans are unthinkable across the rest of Spain. They concede, however, that the country’s debt woes coupled with 20 percent unemployment and government austerity spending cuts could keep down the number of small town corridas for years.
In Pamplona, the crisis is expected to take a toll for tourism and street parties during its weeklong festival of bullfighting made famous by Ernest Hemingway’s novel “The Sun Also Rises.”
Hotels used to sell out three to four months before the event — but not this year.
Bullfighting promoter Luis Miguel Ballesteros two years ago put on 27 or 28 small town bull spectacles in villages with populations ranging from 2,000 to 5,000 people each across the Castilla-Leon region, part of Spain’s historic heartland.
This year he’s down to nine or 10 because the rest can’t come up with the subsidy payments they used to give him for putting on corridas.
“The first thing they are cutting are the bullfights; they’re spending less money on bulls so they can pay for education,” Ballesteros said.
Things are so bad in Estepona, a Mediterranean seaside resort of quaint whitewashed homes, that city officials couldn’t find a promoter willing to stage bullfights at the local festival starting today.