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Archive for Tuesday, January 12, 2010

Devastating earthquake jolts Haiti

Death toll expected to be in thousands

January 12, 2010, 11:41 p.m. Updated January 13, 2010, 2:50 p.m.

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2010 Haiti Earthquake

A 7.0 magnitude earthquake occurred 10 miles southwest of Port-au-Prince on Jan. 12, causing widespread devastation in Haiti's capital and throughout the country.

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Haiti Earthquakes


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The epicenters of the main earthquake and the aftershocks that hit Haiti on Jan. 12, 2010.

— Haitians piled bodies along the devastated streets of their capital Wednesday after a powerful earthquake flattened the president’s palace, the cathedral, hospitals, schools, the main prison and whole neighborhoods. Officials feared thousands — perhaps more than 100,000 — may have perished but there was no firm count.

Death was everywhere in Port-au-Prince. Bodies of tiny children were piled next to schools. Corpses of women lay on the street with stunned expressions frozen on their faces as flies began to gather. Bodies of men were covered with plastic tarps or cotton sheets.

President Rene Preval said he believes thousands were killed in Tuesday afternoon’s magnitude-7.0 quake, and the scope of the destruction prompted other officials to give even higher estimates. Leading Sen. Youri Latortue told The Associated Press that 500,000 could be dead, although he acknowledged that nobody really knows.

“Parliament has collapsed. The tax office has collapsed. Schools have collapsed. Hospitals have collapsed,” Preval told the Miami Herald. “There are a lot of schools that have a lot of dead people in them.”

Even the main prison in the capital fell down, “and there are reports of escaped inmates,” U.N. humanitarian spokeswoman Elisabeth Byrs said in Geneva.

The head of the U.N. peacekeeping mission was missing and the Roman Catholic archbishop of Port-au-Prince was dead.

“The cathedral, the archbishop’s office, all the big churches, the seminaries have been reduced to rubble,” Archbishop Bernardito Auza, the apostolic envoy to Haiti, told the Vatican news agency FIDES.

The parking lot of the Hotel Villa Creole was a triage center. People sat with injuries and growing infections by the side of rubble-strewn roads, hoping that doctors and aid would come.

The international Red Cross said a third of Haiti’s 9 million people may need emergency aid and that it would take a day or two for a clear picture of the damage to emerge.

A destroyed building near the Hotel Villa Creole in Port-au-Prince is seen on Tuesday, Jan. 12, 2010 after the strongest earthquake in more than 200 years struck Haiti.

A destroyed building near the Hotel Villa Creole in Port-au-Prince is seen on Tuesday, Jan. 12, 2010 after the strongest earthquake in more than 200 years struck Haiti.

At first light Wednesday, a U.S. Coast Guard helicopter evacuated four critically injured U.S. Embassy staff to the hospital on the U.S. Naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, where the military has been detaining suspected terrorists.

President Barack Obama promised an all-out rescue and humanitarian effort, adding that the U.S. commitment to its hemispheric neighbor will be unwavering.

“We have to be there for them in their hour of need,” Obama said.

A small contingent of U.S. ground troops could be on their way soon, although it was unclear whether they would be used for security operations or humanitarian efforts. Gen. Douglas Fraser, commander of the U.S. Southern Command, said roughly 2,000 Marines as part of an expeditionary unit might be deployed aboard a large-deck amphibious ship. Fraser said the ship could provide medical help.

Other nations — from Iceland to Venezuela — said they would start sending in aid workers and rescue teams. Cuba said its existing field hospitals in Haiti had already treated hundreds of victims. The United Nations said Port-au-Prince’s main airport was “fully operational” and open to relief flights.

The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier, USS Carl Vinson, is under way and expected to arrive off the coast of Haiti Thursday. Additional U.S. Navy ships are under way to Haiti, a statement from the Southern Command said.

Aftershocks continued to rattle the capital of 2 million people as women covered in dust clawed out of debris, wailing. Stunned people wandered the streets holding hands. Thousands gathered in public squares to sing hymns.

U.N. humanitarian chief John Holmes said it was possible that the death toll “will be in the thousands.”

“Initial reports suggest a high number of casualties and, of course, widespread damage but I don’t have any figure that I can give you with any reliability of what the number of casualties will be,” Holmes said.

People pulled bodies from collapsed homes, covering them with sheets by the side of the road. Passers-by lifted the sheets to see if loved ones were underneath. Outside a crumbled building, the bodies of five children and three adults lay in a pile.

A man carries an injured child outside Hotel Villa Creole in Port-au-Prince, Haiti on Tuesday, Jan. 12, 2010 after the strongest earthquake in more than 200 years struck Haiti.

A man carries an injured child outside Hotel Villa Creole in Port-au-Prince, Haiti on Tuesday, Jan. 12, 2010 after the strongest earthquake in more than 200 years struck Haiti.

The prominent died along with the poor: the body of Archbishop Joseph Serge Miot, 63, was found in the ruins of his office, said the Rev. Pierre Le Beller of the Saint Jacques Missionary Center in Landivisiau, France. He told The Associated Press by telephone that fellow missionaries in Haiti had told him they found Miot’s body.

Preval told the Herald that Haiti’s Senate president was among those trapped alive inside the Parliament building. Much of the National Palace pancaked on itself.

The international Red Cross and other aid groups announced plans for major relief operations in the Western Hemisphere’s poorest country.

Many will have to help their own staff as well as stricken Haitians. Taiwan said its embassy was destroyed and the ambassador hospitalized. Spain said its embassy was badly damaged and France said its embassy also suffered damage.

Tens of thousands of people lost their homes as buildings that were flimsy and dangerous even under normal conditions collapsed. Nobody offered an estimate of the dead, but the numbers were clearly enormous.

“The hospitals cannot handle all these victims,” said Dr. Louis-Gerard Gilles.

Medical experts say disasters such as an earthquake generally do not lead to new outbreaks of infectious diseases, but they do tend to worsen existing health problems.

Haiti’s quake refugees likely will face an increased risk of dengue fever, malaria and measles — problems that plagued the impoverished country before, said Kimberley Shoaf, associate director of the UCLA Center for Public Health and Disasters.

Some of the biggest immediate health threats include respiratory disease from inhaling dust from collapsed buildings and diarrhea from drinking contaminated water.

With hospitals and clinics severely damaged, Haiti will also face risks of secondary infections. People seeking medical attention for broken bones and other injuries may not be able to get the help they need and may develop complications.

Dead bodies piled on the streets typically don’t pose a public health risk. But for a country wracked by violence, seeing the dead will exact a psychological toll.

An American aid worker was trapped for about 10 hours under the rubble of her mission house before she was rescued by her husband, who told CBS’ “Early Show” that he drove 100 miles (160 kilometers) to Port-au-Prince to find her. Frank Thorp said he dug for more than an hour to free his wife, Jillian, and a co-worker, from under about a foot of concrete.

An estimated 40,000-45,000 Americans live in Haiti, and the U.S. Embassy had no confirmed reports of deaths among its citizens. All but one American employed by the embassy have been accounted for, State Department officials said.

Even relatively wealthy neighborhoods were devastated.

An AP videographer saw a wrecked hospital where people screamed for help in Petionville, a hillside district that is home to many diplomats and wealthy Haitians as well as the poor.

At a destroyed four-story apartment building, a girl of about 16 stood atop a car, trying to see inside while several men pulled at a foot sticking from rubble. She said her family was inside.

“A school near here collapsed totally,” Petionville resident Ken Michel said after surveying the damage. “We don’t know if there were any children inside.” He said many seemingly sturdy homes nearby were split apart.

The U.N.’s 9,000 peacekeepers in Haiti, many of whom are from Brazil, were distracted from aid efforts by their own tragedy: Many spent the night hunting for survivors in the ruins of their headquarters.

“It would appear that everyone who was in the building, including my friend Hedi Annabi, the United Nations’ secretary-general’s special envoy, and everyone with him and around him, are dead,” French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner said on RTL radio.

But U.N. peacekeeping chief Alain Le Roy would not confirm that Annabi was dead, saying he was among more than 100 people missing in its wrecked headquarters. He said only about 10 people had been pulled out, many of them badly injured. Fewer than five bodies had been removed, he said.

U.N. peacekeeping forces in Port-au-Prince are securing the airport, the port, main buildings and patrolling the streets, Le Roy said.

Brazil’s army said at least 11 of its peacekeepers were killed, while Jordan’s official news agency said three of its peacekeepers were killed. A state newspaper in China said eight Chinese peacekeepers were known dead and 10 were missing — though officials later said the information was not confirmed.

The quake struck at 4:53 p.m., and was centered 10 miles (15 kilometers) west of Port-au-Prince at a depth of only 5 miles (8 kilometers), the U.S. Geological Survey said. USGS geophysicist Kristin Marano called it the strongest earthquake since 1770 in what is now Haiti.

Video obtained by the AP showed a huge dust cloud rising over Port-au-Prince shortly after the quake as buildings collapsed.

Most Haitians are desperately poor, and after years of political instability the country has no real construction standards. In November 2008, following the collapse of a school in Petionville, the mayor of Port-au-Prince estimated about 60 percent of buildings were shoddily built and unsafe normally.

The quake was felt in the Dominican Republic, which shares the island of Hispaniola with Haiti, and in eastern Cuba, but no major damage was reported in either place.

With electricity out in many places and phone service erratic, it was nearly impossible for Haitian or foreign officials to get full details of the devastation.

“Everybody is just totally, totally freaked out and shaken,” said Henry Bahn, a U.S. Department of Agriculture official in Port-au-Prince. “The sky is just gray with dust.”

Edwidge Danticat, an award-winning Haitian-American author was unable to contact relatives in Haiti. She sat with family and friends at her home in Miami, looking for news on the Internet and watching TV news reports.

“You want to go there, but you just have to wait,” she said. “Life is already so fragile in Haiti, and to have this on such a massive scale, it’s unimaginable how the country will be able to recover from this.”

Comments

tolawdjk 4 years, 3 months ago

Isn't Haiti like 80+% Catholic? How much more Christian does ole Pat want them to become?

Or is Pat one of them that thinks Catholics aren't Christian?

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tomatogrower 4 years, 3 months ago

Robertson is just worried that his followers will send money to help earthquake victims instead of sending it to him. I mean how is he suppose to pay for all his servants, fancy cars and suits. He's really mad. Talk about aggressive begging. This is such a threat to his lifestyle. And everyone knows that the only reason anyone is poor is because they aren't Christian enough. Why don't Christians have the guts to stand up to this low life? I really question anyone's morality that actually helped to make this jerk rich. Talk about a deal with the devil.

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sfjayhawk 4 years, 3 months ago

Typical statement from this disgusting and hateful little man:

"Rev. Pat Robertson says ancient Haitians' 'pact with the devil' caused earthquake"

http://www.nydailynews.com/news/world/2010/01/13/2010-01-13_haitians_pact_with_the_devil_caused_earthquake_says_.html

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barrypenders 4 years, 3 months ago

The war of independence, followed by economic stagnation and competition for control of the country among military and elites, left Haiti in a state of underdevelopment fueled by massive amounts of corruption and violence. Today, wealth is centered in urban Port-au-Prince in the hands of a small elite. Haiti has the lowest per capita gross domestic product in the Western Hemisphere, and about half of the country is illiterate. Efforts by the international community to impose control over Haitian cities dominated by violent gangs have yielded some results, with crime having dropped slightly in the capital, and Preval suffering no coups since his assumption of office in 2006. However, Haiti remains incredibly vulnerable to violence and instability.

This tendency toward instability coupled with the country’s position at the mouth of the Caribbean gives United States a strategic interest in Haiti. In addition to its critical strategic position astride naval routes running from the mouth of the Mississippi River to international markets, Haiti’s positioning between the United States and Latin America makes it a perfect location for international smuggling operations. Coupled with the high levels of power wielded by domestic gangs and corrupt politicians, the country is a natural node for international drug trafficking.

In addition to these massive structural problems, Haiti is radically geographically disadvantaged. Haiti’s deforested terrain exacerbates the fact that Haiti also must deal with the effects of being situated in an area of heavy hurricane activity. Haiti also sits atop two major fault lines, one of which was responsible for this series of earthquakes.

For the international community, which has put a great deal of energy into the country through the delivery of troops and aid directly to Haiti and through the United Nations, this is an opportunity to showcase disaster relief response capacity. The country will take years to recover from damage caused by this quake, and the disaster likely will result in an increase in the flow of refugees to neighboring countries and to the United States (one out of every eight Haitians already lives abroad). Even if international players were to commit to serious and comprehensive long-term development aid addressing some of the country’s systemic failures, Haiti will always be at serious risk of having any gains wiped away in a natural disaster like the Jan. 12 earthquake.

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barrypenders 4 years, 3 months ago

Here is some Stratfor skinny that I pay for. I hope that it is ok to publish here.

This earthquake is the latest in Haiti’s long history of troubles. Haiti gained its independence from the French in 1804 after a 13-year rebellion, during which the country’s mostly African slave population rose up against the wealthy landowners and political leaders in what was the world’s first successful slave revolt. In the wake of the rebellion, the newly free Haitians expelled the former slave owners. In doing so, Haiti became the first and only state in the Western Hemisphere to be run by former slaves. Indeed, Haiti quickly found itself estranged in the Western Hemisphere as colonial powers feared a repetition of the rebellion on their own territories. Once liberated from foreign rule, former Spanish colonies refused to meet with Haiti, as they also maintained their own slave populations. Brazil did not do away with slavery until 1888, and the United States did not offer recognition until the 1860s, after the civil war that led to the abolishment of U.S. slavery.

Isolation at that time was the worst thing that could have happened. Haiti was a small territory with a small population that lacked any links to a potential market (access to the French market was only granted after Haiti paid France an indemnity for seized land). There was no indigenous capital with which to construct the infrastructure necessary to trade with the wider world. Nor was it possible to fund the educational system necessary to provide the human capital required to improve the range of products produced domestically. Left with no international partners or European technology and capital, Haiti found itself isolated, lacking in technical expertise and desperately poor. The war had left the country’s economy in ruins and with very few options. Sugar had been the country’s main product, but without a slave population, farming sugar cane became difficult at best. Large landholdings were turned into small plots used for subsistence farming.

In its independence, Haiti has been dominated by home-grown military dictatorships or U.S. intervention forces (1915-1934). The most notorious leaders were the father and son presidents Francois Duvalier and Jean-Claude Duvalier, known as “Papa Doc” and “Baby Doc.” Papa Doc ruled from 1957 until his death in 1971, when Baby Doc assumed power until 1986. Under the Duvaliers, Haiti became more corrupt and wealth became more concentrated. Over the past 20 years, Haiti wavered between military control and short-term presidents who were unable to govern. The last elected president (prior to current Haitian President Rene Preval), Jean-Bertrand Aristide, was twice voted in, and twice overthrown. The U.S. played a heavy role throughout the past two decades, with both military and political interventions.

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Truther 4 years, 3 months ago

I hope Sean Penn is on the case and the democrats can make this a midterm election issue about republican racism.

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georgiahawk 4 years, 3 months ago

Moocher, I never said you were hateful. Telling someone to shut up when they are being an insensitive jerk is not hateful. Perhaps it would have been better if I said "keep your childish comments to yourself, this is neither the time or the place". I apologize for my knee-jerk reaction to a jerk!

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Healthcare_Moocher 4 years, 3 months ago

georgiahawk (Anonymous) says…

Barry, know when to shut up! Right now would be a great time!


And to think you said I was hateful. Go figure.

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ferrislives 4 years, 3 months ago

Katrina wasn't the fault of Bush, that's an idiotic idea. The aftermath was partly his fault though; he was ultimately responsible. I know that if that same event happened on Obama's watch, and he reacted in the same fashion, that barry, Tom, snap, and others would be voicing their outrage.

This story is simply about a huge tragedy in another country, and I saw no mention in this story on how their government (and ours) wasn't reacting correctly. So I don't understand the comparison.

In all honestly, if the neighbor dog sh*t on some people's sidewalk, those people would find a way to blame Obama. "It was the stimulus I tell you." Wow.

How about keeping Obama and Bush out of this story, and giving some compassion for the thousands hurt.

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couranna1 4 years, 3 months ago

pat robertson on the 700 club said it was due to Haiti made a deal with the devil Once again the religious right are complete and utter morons Snap how are you going to help I have donated what has your lame kansass done Nothing right?

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Flap Doodle 4 years, 3 months ago

Is Sean Penn heading to the rescue with his personal photographer and his rowboat?

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barrypenders 4 years, 3 months ago

It's too bad the Azuls, Merchants of Racial tirades, would immediately make Haiti's populace an issue. Haiti is the result of earthly bad timing and years of Progressive Articulate dictatorships. I hope that the Progressive Articulate Dictatorships in the region, help as much as the "Free Market" United States does with their emergency.

Stimulus, Progressive Dictatorships and Posercare live unprecedented.

Darwin bless you all

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Truther 4 years, 3 months ago

Things are goin to get bad. All the survivors could move to NYC there is a large Hatian community there.

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jaywalker 4 years, 3 months ago

Just heard on a local progressive station that the newest casualty estimates range from 100,000 to 500,000. Devastating. Certainly hope those are wild numbers, it's hard to imagine such a scope. My sis usually teams up with the Red Cross and the ship Good Hope for these catastrophes, almost certain she'll be going. Prayers to all involved.

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Truther 4 years, 3 months ago

This is much Obama’s fault as Katrina was the fault of Bush. Do what you want with that.

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Tom Shewmon 4 years, 3 months ago

I wonder if there were any divers out there 40-100 down when that went off......would have to think yes. I'd like to here what any of them would have to say about it.

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tomatogrower 4 years, 3 months ago

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/9231819/

Several of them did after Katrina, but apparently much of the aid went unclaimed.

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Marion Lynn 4 years, 3 months ago

When the Big One hits in the USA, I wonder if our "allies" (sic) and so-called "freinds" will rally to our aid?

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Stuart Evans 4 years, 3 months ago

Those were different times Snap, and after all, the Katrina victims were Americans, and the president was Bush, so it was ok then.

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Flap Doodle 4 years, 3 months ago

"...how about keeping the political comments on politically-related stories only." Too bad nobody thought about that after Hurricane Katrina.

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ferrislives 4 years, 3 months ago

Hey barry, how about keeping the political comments on politically-related stories only. Whatever anyone feels about Haiti as a country, tens of thousands of people have died, and obviously Obama had nothing to do with that. That sort of talk makes you look silly and foolish during a sad time.

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georgiahawk 4 years, 3 months ago

Barry, know when to shut up! Right now would be a great time!

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barrypenders 4 years, 3 months ago

Ok Jabot b, I'm a "Troll". What's that make you?

Stimulus, Jabot b, and Posercare live unprecedented

Darwin bless you

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just_another_bozo_on_this_bus 4 years, 3 months ago

"An earthquake that kills thousands isn't funny. At all."

You have to understand that in the world where barry trolls, as long as it's thousands of black people, then it's funny.

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rivercitymom 4 years, 3 months ago

Hey BarryP: An earthquake that kills thousands isn't funny. At all. So neither is your lame attempt at sarcasm. I hope someone sends stimulus to your brain. Soon.

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barrypenders 4 years, 3 months ago

Haiti was such a beautiful caribbean land mass before it was populated and then shook. Beautiful beaches, fertile soil. I wonder what happened? Oh I hope The "Bent" One can make it all better down there. I hope he sends Stimulus.

Stimulus, Fertile Soil and Posercare live unprecedented

Darwin bless us all

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Marion Lynn 4 years, 3 months ago

Very sad but only a prequel to what is coming to California.

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mommykay 4 years, 3 months ago

Lawrence residents Adam and Karen Buhler are in Haiti in a town about 25 miles from the Capitol. They are safe and are staying the U.S. Consulant. They are trying to find a way home.

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Christine Pennewell Davis 4 years, 3 months ago

The pictures are heart wrenching. Been watching coverage on tv complete devistation.

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