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Archive for Friday, June 5, 2009

Bats to the rescue

Residents give flying mammals home in exchange for mosquito control

This bat house at Bob Blank’s is home to dozens of bats. The view is looking up into the bottom of the house, which hangs on the side of Blank’s home.

This bat house at Bob Blank’s is home to dozens of bats. The view is looking up into the bottom of the house, which hangs on the side of Blank’s home.

June 5, 2009

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Bats tame bugs

Bats are gaining popularity as bug-killing crusaders. Enlarge video

You might think it would drive the neighbors batty.

But the hundreds of bats that swarm from beneath the overhang of Bob Blank’s central Lawrence home each night actually benefit those living around him, Blank said.

At dusk, the creatures come flitting out of two bat houses he installed on the south side of his home. They dart around the dimming sky and feast on mosquitoes and other insects that humans find annoying during warmer months. Blank said the bats make for pleasant and itch-free evenings for him and his neighbors.

“They do control mosquitoes very well, and we can sit out on our patio in the evening, and don’t have any kind of protection, and they never bother us,” he said.

Daily procession

During the day, between 150 and 250 of the nocturnal creatures crowd into each small bat house, dangling upside down and dripping guano down the side of Blank’s house and into tin pans below. By shining a flashlight into the bottom of the houses, the sight of the large brown bats squirming around is enough to give some the heebie-jeebies.

But those who are accustomed to and knowledgeable about the creatures think nothing of the bats and boast about their many contributions to the natural world — including insect control.

“I’d say they do a lot more good than they do harm,” Blank said. “I know of no harm that they do, and they do a lot of good.”

The installation of bat houses has grown in popularity as a form of mosquito control, said Ken Kuiper, state biologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service in Kansas. The houses can be purchased online for as little as $10. A $400 version comes with a camera inside.

“It’s becoming more popular, there’s no doubt,” he said. “People are trying to find ways to attract them.”

Bats can consume their entire body weight in insects each night, making them enticing to mosquito-haters, said Dawn Venzina, Organization for Bat Conservation education specialist. The animals also protect gardens by eating insect pests, she said.

Rabies risk

The Lawrence-Douglas County Health Department frowns on people trying to attract the flying mammals.

“The health department does not recommend that people have bat houses, mainly because bats can carry rabies,” said Richard Ziesenis, director of environmental health. “Rabies is a lethal disease.”

He said the health risk of contracting rabies from bats is much more severe than being bitten by a mosquito. He said the best way to avoid mosquitoes outside is to wear bug spray containing the chemical DEET, and to place special environmentally friendly “doughnuts” — which can be purchased at the hardware store — in any standing water around your home.

Not everyone agrees that bats present a danger.

“Bats contract rabies very infrequently, especially the bats in Kansas,” said Kuiper, the state biologist. He said rabies contact is more prevalent around skunks and other animals.

Kuiper said it can be beneficial to have a collection of bats living near your home, but they can be difficult to attract.

Bats can be found in tree bark, caves, cracks in rock ledges, on the edges of stone houses, and in barns, Kuiper said. He even found one napping in a shutter on his house while he was painting.

“They don’t actually need our bat houses,” he said. “But if a person can get bats, they would be beneficial around a house or a backyard.”

Blank said it took five years for his bats to move into their new living quarters. Ever since, between 300 and 500 bats take up residence in his bat houses each year, though the number of bats has gone down this year. They arrive in late February or early March and flee for hibernation in late November or early December.

Adam Wyss and Jamie Sigmon, a couple living in North Lawrence, recently purchased a $10 bat house on eBay, in an attempt to control the large numbers of mosquitoes in their backyard. After about three weeks, they’ve had no luck.

“Mosquitoes out here are just terrible, whether you’re mowing the lawn or gardening, or just anywhere around the house — they eat you alive,” Wyss said.

Comments

jehovah_bob 4 years, 10 months ago

Freestanding or bat houses on poles aren't a very good draw for bats as they don't hold the warmth like having one attached to the south side of your house.

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MeAndFannieLou 4 years, 10 months ago

There's a recipe for a batsh!t and FruitLoops bomb in Still Life with Woodpecker, by Tom Robbins, FWIW.

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75x55 4 years, 10 months ago

"Joel - Bat guano makes good fertilizer."

What's he trying to grow on the side of his house, then?

Gotta be a better way to construct these - perhaps as a free-standing structure?

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Fowler 4 years, 10 months ago

Bat guano presents a health risk due to the possibility of histoplasmosis: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Histopla...,

A popular bat cave along the Current River in Shannon County, Mo was closed to hikers for that reason. That's what made me think of it.

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The_Original_Bob 4 years, 10 months ago

Folks would be surprised how many bats already live amongst the neighborhood.

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MeAndFannieLou 4 years, 10 months ago

Joel - Bat guano makes good fertilizer.

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Flap Doodle 4 years, 10 months ago

We need to reduce our dependence on foreign bats.

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OldEnuf2BYurDad 4 years, 10 months ago

I put up a bat house several years ago, with no bats yet. It can take years, but from what I read, I think my house is too "cool". Bats need warmth, and mine is in the shade too much of the day and too light in color to collect heat. We have bats flying around at night, but I'd like some "of my own".

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Joel Hood 4 years, 10 months ago

When the colonies spread to neighbors' attics, trees, etc., doesn't the guano present a health danger?? If they eat their weight in bugs each night, that stuff has to end up somewhere. I'm all for reducing the amount of chemicals we use to control insects, but I'm not sure I'd like the trade-off of bat poo everywhere. Perhaps this isn't an issue - does anyone know?

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MeAndFannieLou 4 years, 10 months ago

My fat, lazy moggies are very good mousers, thank you! We always have mice trying to move in every fall, but they don't last long.

We have lots of bats in our neighborhood and enjoy watching them at dusk. We also have big black snakes that keep the rodentia population down, and moles that till our yard for us.

We're so happy to coexist with all the critters, maybe I should change my handle to MeAndEllieMae.

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dandelion 4 years, 10 months ago

Compare how many people contracted rabies with how many people have contracted diseases by mosquitos, I'll bet mosquitos are more dangerous than bats. People just are creeped out by bats.

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The_Original_Bob 4 years, 10 months ago

"This is a fallacy. It's like someone having a cat to control a mice problem. In reality, it doesn't work."

False. Total failure on that one, Prune.

Autie - Have you built your bathouse yet? I haven't gotten around to getting mine done.

Good article, Jesse.

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BigPrune 4 years, 10 months ago

This is a fallacy. It's like someone having a cat to control a mice problem. In reality, it doesn't work.

Kind of surprised there isn't some sort of code against this within the City limits. It sounds like a health hazard.

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Keith 4 years, 10 months ago

"Brown said it took five years for his bats to move into their new living quarters."

Who is this Brown and what has he done with Bob Blank?

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Kookamooka 4 years, 10 months ago

Bats are important night pollinators, too.

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