Prospectors hope new gold rush will pan out

A sign displays the current price of gold Thursday at the Marshall Gold Discovery State Historic Park in Coloma, Calif. With the downturn in the economy, California’s Sierra foothills have seen a rush of new prospectors trying to strike it rich by finding gold.

? There’s still gold in California’s Sierra Nevada foothills, and a new rush is under way to find it.

Not since the Great Depression have so many hard-luck people been lured by prospecting, hoping to find their fortune tumbling down a mountain stream. The recession and high gold prices are helping to fuel the latest gold craze, especially among workers who have lost jobs.

“I guess there’s always hope. At home, I don’t have any right now,” said Steve Biorck, a concrete finisher who headed west because construction work dried up in Tennessee. Now he spends days standing knee-deep in an icy creek coaxing gold flakes from a swirling pan of gravel.

Miners who locate an unclaimed area can pay a $170 fee to the federal government for access to the public land. Most claims are along the 120 miles of steep granite outcrops and rushing riverbeds that are part of California’s Mother Lode, a narrow band of gold-rich terrain.

When Don Wetter was in the Army, he guarded Fort Knox in Kentucky, home of the U.S. Treasury’s gold depository. Now that he’s been discharged, Wetter hopes to find some gold of his own using an anticipated loan for a “grubstake,” an old mining term for money to sustain the search.

Wetter, a 22-year-old tree trimmer from Troy, Mich., said he wanted to turn to hunt for gold because most of his customers lost their jobs or moved away.

Many would-be gold panners are drawn to the South Fork of the American River, where the 1849 discovery of nuggets at Sutter’s Mill launched the largest human migration in the Western Hemisphere. The Depression brought another wave of miners in the 1930s.

“It’s hard to keep my equipment in stock,” said Albert Fausel, the third-generation owner of the nearby Old Placerville Hardware store, which was founded to sell sluices, picks and pans to the original ’49ers.

Back then, the price of gold was $16 an ounce. Today it hovers around $1,000.

The store’s wood floors used to creak under the weight of recreational rafters and fisherman. Now prospectors are some of the biggest shoppers.

“A lot of people are out of jobs and know where the gold holes are,” Fausel said.

Between October 2007 and September 2008, the Bureau of Land Management in California issued gold miners 3,413 permits, or claims, to search for gold. That figure compared with 1,986 claims in 2006. So far this fiscal year, the agency has issued 1,444 claims.

Many miners believe that only 10 percent of the gold in the Sierra Nevada was discovered in the original gold rush. They are also excited by the prospect of stumbling onto buried treasure.

“A lady was walking over there, kicked a stone with her toe and picked up a nugget just like that,” said Russ Kurz, who at 77 with a bushy white beard looks like a grizzled miner. He points to a sandbar on the American River near Coloma.

“I was walking my dog once and went to pick up a rock and pulled a long nugget straight out of the sand,” he said. “It was worth about $6,500 — and that was 13 years ago.”