Archive for Thursday, July 31, 2008

Housing fund will have lasting impact

July 31, 2008


— If you were to ask Democrats Barney Frank and Chris Dodd - the principal architects of the massive housing bill signed Wednesday by President Bush - which of its many features pleases them most, the answer would surprise you.

It is not the bailout of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the embattled mortgage giants, or the aid the bill provides for thousands of homeowners struggling to afford their subprime loans in a faltering real estate market.

Instead, it is the section creating the National Housing Trust Fund, a creative way of meeting the chronic shortage of affordable low-income rental apartments - a huge problem in cities and rural areas across the country.

Dodd, the senator from Connecticut, told me, "That is the part that will have the greatest long-term impact." Frank, the Massachusetts representative, said in a separate interview, "That's what I'm most proud of."

Their views are echoed by two other legislators without whom this legislation would never have made it to the White House. Democratic Sen. Jack Reed brought his passion for affordable housing with him from Rhode Island and never gave up on pressing the cause. And Richard Shelby of Alabama, the former chairman and now ranking Republican on the relevant Senate committee, gave the measure the bipartisan backing it needed.

Even with Shelby's help, Dodd notes, the bill had to survive several cloture votes and the threat of a presidential veto, later withdrawn by Bush.

The lobbying campaign that supported this effort began in 2001 and involved hundred local governments and social service agencies. Sheila Crowley, president of the National Low Income Housing Coalition - the person who coordinated the campaign - kept hammering home the basic numbers: 9 million extremely low-income households in the U.S., and only 6.2 million units of affordable rental housing.

The bill addresses that imbalance by creating a new program within the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development. The National Housing Trust Fund does not depend on annual appropriations by Congress, which might never arrive, given the size of the federal budget deficits, the costs of two wars and runaway health care programs.

Instead, it taps a portion of the profits that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac make on their mortgage loans, estimated to yield at least $300 million a year and perhaps as much as $700 million.

Fannie and Freddie have had a rough time in the current housing slump, but all the sponsors of this legislation told me they are confident the two big lenders will survive. In one of the compromises that cleared the way for passage of the housing bill, next year the profits of Fannie and Freddie will be held in reserve to offset any losses the government incurs in helping seriously strapped mortgage-holders. So it will be 2010 before the trust fund starts being funded.

As the money comes in, the legislation provides that the trust fund will distribute it each year to the states, using a formula that measures the seriousness of their low-income housing needs. At least 90 percent of the funds must be used to construct or rehab rental units. All of the benefits are ticketed for very low- or extremely low-income households.

For far too long, the federal government has been shirking its responsibilities to help the neediest Americans meet their basic housing needs. Food stamps have been increased repeatedly to combat hunger, in part because the farm lobby values the additional markets for its products.

But Crowley says this bill is "the first low-income housing production program passed by Congress since 1990 and the first that specifically serves extremely low income families since 1974."

That legislation of this scope and potential has passed Congress would be worth celebrating at any time. That it has happened now, when Congress is so mired in partisan battles and so paralyzed by the unmet challenges of energy, education, immigration and fiscal irresponsibility, is almost a miracle.

The public has registered its disgust with the performance of this Congress, and I have been equally harsh in my judgment. It is a particular pleasure, therefore, to salute a rare action that shows both professionalism and conscience by the lawmakers.

- David Broder is a columnist for Washington Post Writers Group.


cato_the_elder 9 years, 10 months ago

Low-income housing in major urban areas was one of the most objectively verifiable disasters of what ultimately became known as the Great Society mentality. Places such as Cabrini-Green in Chicago and Pruitt-Igoe in St. Louis were abject failures, and it can truly be said that living there and in other similar "Projects" across the country destroyed many peoples' lives. A significant number of interviews with people who "grew up" in places like these have been broadcast over the years, including interviews from time to time with those who are part of the small number who made it out and were able to succeed against all the odds. What they have described about living in such places is both chilling and disheartening, and confirms that what government did was simply build the complexes and then forget about them. It is certainly to be hoped that lawmakers have learned from this and that whatever the Great Spenders have wrought here will not duplicate those tragic mistakes.

Richard Heckler 9 years, 10 months ago

Do not vote in politicians that have been around for more than six years and demand no more special interest funding of elections. Officials will become more responsive to citizens.Sooo we have Ryun,Roberts and Slattery wanting to return back to beltway. I say send none of them back.

jmadison 9 years, 10 months ago

Congress perpetuates the money machine of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Both entities have been major contributors to politicians of both parties. This seals the deal for their continued subsidy of the entrenched politicians of both parties at the taxpayers expense. Hurrah for special interest politics. Their long and continued payoffs have succeeded in insuring their existence for perpetuity.

cato_the_elder 9 years, 10 months ago

Madmike, that's their game plan all right, and they're deadly serious, make no bones about it - but the election hasn't occurred yet, and the Messiah hasn't yet been nominated. Based on what I'm told by insiders, many Dems are still very concerned about the probability of a genuine three-ring circus in Denver.

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