Archive for Wednesday, September 5, 2007

U.S. must shape chaos before Iraq exit

September 5, 2007


Once Labor Day weekend ends, the big Iraq show will begin in the nation's capital.

Congress will receive a series of new Iraq assessments, leading up to the grand climax during the week of Sept. 10: congressional testimony by Gen. David Petraeus and U.S. Ambassador Ryan Crocker.

Then the drama will turn into political circus. President Bush will give an Iraq report to Congress on Sept. 15, setting off another round of debate on whether we should or shouldn't leave Iraq by 2008. This debate will be shaped - on both sides - more by election-year politics than events on Iraqi ground.

Both parties are expediting a worse Iraq disaster. The president wants to keep troops in Iraq as long as possible. The Democrats (and some Republicans) want to pull the plug - either quickly or more slowly.

How to avoid collapse

So here's a plea. Can we please start thinking differently about this Iraq debate? Instead of stay or go, can we focus on preventing Iraq from collapsing when we ultimately leave?

Such a focus fits badly with the story lines of both parties. Republicans want to shift attention away from their gross mishandling of Iraq, so they pretend we can still establish Iraqi democracy and win a neat "victory." The stress on "stay the course" prevents an honest examination of how to salvage the best outcome we can.

Yet we all know the Pentagon can't indefinitely maintain current troop levels in Iraq, for reasons beyond domestic politics. Our armed forces are overstretched, the American public has soured on the war, and many Iraqis have lost faith in our presence. That disillusionment can't be blamed on Congress; it results from years of glib administration claims belied by violence on the ground.

That said, those Democrats who argue that Iraq violence will ease when we leave are mistaken. Setting a timeline for complete withdrawal won't shock Iraqi factions or their Arab and Iranian neighbors into reconciliation. That's not how the Middle East works.

None of these factions trust each other enough to make peace without strong outside involvement. U.S. leverage in Iraq has shrunk because of the mistakes of the past four years. If we set a departure date without proper preparation, our leverage will disappear.

Already, the debate over when to leave has provoked Iraq's Sunni and Shiite militias to start gearing up for all-out power struggles. The same with Iraq's neighbors.

Many Democrats say it's not worth staying on because the American presence won't make a long-term difference. They argue that Iraq's sectarian leaders appear determined to fight, so any U.S. military gains will prove fleeting. Our presence will be like fingers in the dike (or sandbags at the levee) holding back the flood.

But if U.S. troops leave without prior political arrangements in place, sectarian forces will rush to fill the power vacuum. Iran and Saudi Arabia will fund and arm their Shiite and Sunni proxies.

Easing the U.S. exit

We pull our fingers from the dike and Iraq floods. That's almost certain. So why aren't Democrats and Republicans trying to build up the levees before we go?

When Gen. Petraeus testifies before Congress, he will talk about military gains in Iraq made at the local level, where many Sunni tribes, and some Sunni insurgents, have turned against al-Qaida.

He knows these gains must be consolidated. Those Sunni tribesmen now working with our troops could morph into new militias who turn on the Shiite-led government (or U.S. forces). Nor has the progress with Sunnis yet led, as Petraeus had hoped, to an overall lessening of Shiite support for their own militias.

Still, the general hopes that patches of progress in the provinces and parts of Baghdad can be knit together over the next year. If Sunni tribesmen are paid by the central government as auxiliary police, maybe resentment of the Shiite-led government will lessen. Maybe Sunni tribal leaders will choose to resolve their differences with Shiites through politics.

Petraeus knows the surge must end. But he wants several more months to try to create a ragged Iraqi political quilt out of the current chaos.

I don't know if these hopes will materialize, given the weakness of Iraq's political leaders. The chances of success would have been immeasurably higher had Petraeus been in charge in 2003.

However, I do know that too hasty a withdrawal will lead to disaster. Before setting timelines, we must work harder to avoid catastrophe after we go.

This point was made to me quite passionately by a young former army officer, Kyle Teamey, who served in Ramadi in Anbar Province in 2003-2004. His important op-ed piece about the Iraq war debate in the Washington Post on Friday, titled "The Washington Clock Runs Down," moved me to call him up.

Shaping the outcome

Teamey told me: "Congress is just debating whether to pull out or stay. But we should be trying to shape the outcome, trying to start shaping the chaos.

"We've seen what happens if we pull out rapidly without shaping things. Every time we've pulled out of areas where we've made progress like Mosul, Tal Afar, and parts of Anbar, they go to hell with mini civil wars."

So Teamey argues we should use however long we remain in Iraq to "try to build up local structures in large parts of the country, so we don't have utter chaos if the central government falls." He also hopes such structures would prevent an al-Qaida return to areas we leave.

This is one way to try to shape the chaos. There are others. One would be a robust effort at regional diplomacy to push Iraq's neighbors, for reasons of self-interest, to help stabilize Iraq. This would require an intense American diplomatic effort of a kind the Bush administration has so far avoided.

But Teamey is right: We must try now to shape the chaos that will follow an American troop drawdown, or it will swallow us and the region. Will leaders of both parties be wise enough to attempt this? Or will the circus continue while Iraq goes down the tubes?

Trudy Rubin is a columnist and editorial-board member for the Philadelphia Inquirer.


Richard Heckler 10 years, 9 months ago

Bush created the chaos which was not necessary and has not the will or knowledge to change much. No matter when the USA leaves things are going to happen. To continue pressing the Iraq people that american oil corporations are best is not giving them much credit for what they know.

Our president screwed up which is going to be difficult to mend that situation. Trying to turn Iraq into the USA is an unreasonable expectation. As a taxpayer I do NOT want USA troops running Iraq. I want Iraq running Iraq sooooo bring the troops!

Bubbles 10 years, 9 months ago

You re right merrill gasing kurds is not considered chaos.

You don't even have a clue about what you speak.

Katie Couric said that things are looking up in Iraq.

jonas 10 years, 9 months ago

A well-reasoned, well-articulated article. And then a pair of comments, so wonderfully synopsizing and supporting many of the comments in the article about existing political mindsets. Bravo.

Lifelong_Lawrencian 10 years, 9 months ago

It's nice to read a moderate opinion that attempts to encompass the facts of the Iraq debacle. Either we downsize our military force, get help from elsewhere, or reinstate the draft. Its hard to believe that anyone wants to run for president. It would be nice to see some non-politicized debate on the issue, but with the election looming, it that possible?

mick 10 years, 9 months ago

Reinstate the draft as William Kristol suggested in The Weekly Standard, to directly supply the Israeli military. That's what these adventures are really about- that and to justify a permanent war economy. Coming up next? Bomb Iran. It's what Israel wants.

Frederic Gutknecht IV 10 years, 9 months ago

Bubbles says: 'Katie Couric said that things are looking up in Iraq."

Enough said!~)

chet_larock 10 years, 9 months ago

This is a well-written article, with a perspective that most of the country can't seem to grasp. Kudos, Trudy!

I agree that the first two "comments" are a perfect example of the type of thinking that prevents us from realistically dealing with the problem of Iraq.

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