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Archive for Thursday, September 22, 2005

EU, Iran reach compromise over nuclear program

September 22, 2005

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— Iran gained a reprieve in the standoff over its nuclear program Wednesday, with diplomats saying the European Union had decided to postpone its push to refer Iran to the U.N. Security Council.

The decision to delay a vote until a later board meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency instead of demanding one this week appeared driven by concerns about strong opposition. More than a dozen of the 35 IAEA board member nations meeting in Vienna - including Security Council members Russia and China - are against the idea.

Although a new EU draft motion does not mention Security Council sanctions, it still calls for reporting Iran to the council if it continues defying board demands, which include freezing activities related to uranium enrichment, said senior diplomats accredited to the IAEA.

The text is expected to be introduced at this week's IAEA meeting, but any vote on referral would come only at a future session - at the earliest when the board meets again in November, said the diplomats, who demanded anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss EU strategy at the meeting.

Just hours before the new draft was drawn up, the chief U.S. representative to the IAEA lobbied board members for action this week on the motion. The motion is formally a European Union initiative but is being orchestrated in close consultation with Washington and backed by Australia, Japan, Canada and others at the meeting.

"We agree with the European Union and a growing majority of the board that the time has come to report Iran's (nuclear) noncompliance to the Security Council," U.S. delegation head Gregory Schulte told the meeting. "It is now time for the board to do our duty."

Still, a diplomat familiar with U.S. thinking said the decision to postpone referral suited Washington, which was not interested in losing a Security Council battle against veto-carrying members Russia and China.

The U.S. diplomatic mission dealing with the IAEA in Vienna declined comment when asked about the developments. A European official - who also demanded anonymity as a condition for discussing EU strategy - said China appeared rigid in its opposition but "the key is to gain Russia, and we think we can gain Russia at a later date."

In Moscow, the Russian Foreign Ministry dismissed the U.S. and European initiative to refer Tehran to the Security Council as counterproductive, saying it "will not contribute to the search for a solution to the Iranian problem through political and diplomatic means."

Although it avoids any mention of U.N. sanctions, the new EU text proposes the Security Council consider "making clear to Iran" that the crisis can "best be resolved" by cooperating with IAEA investigators.

Washington insists Iran has breached the nuclear nonproliferation treaty, as did North Korea, which unilaterally quit the pact two years ago but announced Monday that it would give up its nuclear weapons program.

But Iran insists its nuclear activities have not violated the treaty. Iranian Vice President Gholmanreza Aghazadeh, the head of his country's nuclear program, told reporters in Vienna that "leaving the NPT is not on the agenda of Iran."

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