Posts tagged with History
Swampyville's Ask the Politically Correct!
What was the Spanish/American War?
Politically Correct Resolution:
At the ending of the nineteenth century the United State's was a sovereign nation that wanted to maintain this status. It was the internationalists that called it an "Isolationist" nation, because it didn't want to get involved in overseas conflicts.
The Spanish/American War. (Global Building)
(Wikipedia used for most of this article)
The Spanish–American War was a conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States. Revolts against Spanish rule had been endemic for decades in Cuba and were closely watched by Americans; there had been war scares before. By 1897–98 American public opinion grew angrier at reports of Spanish atrocities, magnified by "yellow journalism". After the mysterious sinking of the American battleship Maine (the Catalyst) in Havana harbor, political pressures from the Democratic Party pushed the government headed by President William McKinley, a Republican, into a war McKinley had wished to avoid. Compromise proved impossible, resulting in an ultimatum sent to Madrid, which was not accepted. First Madrid, then Washington, formally declared war.
Although the main issue was Cuban independence, the ten-week war was fought in both the Caribbean and the Pacific. A series of one-sided American naval and military victories followed on all fronts, owing to their numerical superiority in most of the battles and despite the good performance of some of the Spanish infantry units. The outcome was the 1898 Treaty of Paris, which was favorable to the U.S. followed by temporary American control of Cuba and indefinite colonial authority over Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines. The defeat and subsequent end of the Spanish Empire was a profound shock for Spain's national psyche. The victor gained several island possessions spanning the globe and a rancorous new debate over the wisdom of imperialism. Thus, (the United States gained there much wanted warm water ports to extend their World Wide influences).
American interest in Caribbean
In 1823, the Monroe Doctrine stated that further efforts by
European governments to colonize land or interfere with states
in the Americas would not be accepted by the U.S., but Spain's
colony in Cuba was exempted. In 1890 Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan
wrote The Influence of Sea Power upon History, which credits the
rise of Britain to world power to the Royal Navy. Mahan’s ideas
on projecting strength through a strong navy had a powerful
worldwide influence, especially Japan. Theodore Roosevelt, later
Assistant Secretary of the Navy under President McKinley and an
aggressive supporter of a war with Spain over Cuba, was also strongly
influenced by Mahan’s conclusions. Americans had long been interested
in Cuba (and Hawaii), since several U.S. presidents offered to purchase
it from Spain (James Polk, Franklin Pierce and Ulysses S. Grant),
and others expressed their hopes of future annexation.
Historians debate how much Americans were interested in obtaining an empire, while noting that the European powers had in recent decades dramatically expanded their empires, especially in Africa and Asia. The United States seized this opportunity to become an international empire themselves.
Thus, began the "gradual transformation" of the United States from one of isolationism to one of internationalism.
"UT HISPANICUS CADIT, SIC OMNIS TERRA" (As Spain falls, so falls the whole world)
Swampyville's Ask the Politically Correct.
What was the Gilded Age (The Robber Barons)?
Politically Correct Resolution:
In American history, the Gilded Age refers to the era of rapid economic and population growth in the United States during the post-Civil War and post-Reconstruction eras of the late 19th century. The term "Gilded Age" was coined by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner in their 1873 book, The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today. The name refers to the process of gilding an object with a superficial layer of gold and is meant to make fun of ostentatious display while playing on the term "golden age."
The Gilded Age is most famous for the creation of a modern industrial economy. During the 1870s and 1880s, the U.S. economy grew at the fastest rate in its history, with real wages, wealth, GDP, and capital formation all increasing rapidly. A national transportation and communication network was created, the corporation became the dominant form of business organization, and a managerial revolution transformed business operations. By the beginning of the 20th century, per capita income and industrial production in the United States led the world. The businessmen of the Second Industrial Revolution created industrial towns and cities in the Northeast with new factories, and hired an ethnically diverse industrial working class, many of them new immigrants from Europe. The super-rich industrialists and financiers such as John D. Rockefeller, Andrew W. Mellon, Andrew Carnegie, Henry Flagler, Henry H. Rogers, J.P. Morgan, Cornelius Vanderbilt of the Vanderbilt family, and the prominent Astor family were attacked as "robber barons" by critics, who believed they cheated to get their money and lorded it over the common people. Most of the above group met regularly to make decisions on how to proceed with their monopolies!
During the Gilded Age, the U.S. grew to world economic leadership. For example, American steel production surpassed the combined total of Britain, Germany, and France, and the U.S. led the world in many areas of technology. Railroad mileage tripled between 1860 and 1880, and tripled again by 1920, opening new areas to commercial farming, creating a truly national marketplace and inspiring a boom in coal mining and steel production. The voracious appetite for capital of the great trunk railroads facilitated the consolidation of the nation's (financial market in Wall Street), creating a monopoly for a handful of financiers. By 1900, the process of economic concentration had extended into most branches of industry and a few large corporations, called "trusts", dominated in railroads, steel, oil, sugar, meatpacking, and the manufacture of agriculture machinery. Other major components of this infrastructure were the new methods for fabricating steel, especially, the Bessemer process.(Wikipedia)
List of supposed Robber Barons:
John Jacob Astor (real estate, fur), Andrew Carnegie (steel), Jay Cooke (finance),
Charles Crocker (railroads), Daniel Drew (finance), James B. Duke (tobacco),
James Fisk (finance), Henry M. Flagler (railroads/Oil), Henry C. Frick (steel),
John W. Gates (barbed wire), Jay Gould (railroads), Edward H. Harriman (railroads/
finance), Mark Hopkins (railroads), Andrew W. Mellon (finance/oil), J. P. Morgan
(finance, industrial consolidation), Henry B. Plant (railroads), John D. Rockefeller
(oil/finance), Charles M. Schwab (steel), John D. Spreckels (sugar), Leland
Stanford (railroads), Joseph Seligman (finance), Cornelius Vanderbilt (shipping/
railroads), Charles Tyson Yerkes (railroads/street cars).
Having control of this nation's economy, it was only natural to expand to overseas markets.
With the complete control of this nations economy, these monopolists began to seek ways to control the international markets.
Many descendants of those listed above are continuing what their forefathers started.
"NON TENEAS AURUM TOTUM QUOD SPLENDET UT AURUM" (All that glitters is not gold)