LJWorld.com weblogs Swampyville's - "The Banshee's Cry"
Swampyville's - "Cosmopolitanism/Cosmopolitan Democracy"
Ask the Politically Correct!
What is Cosmopolitanism/Cosmopolitan Democracy?
Politically Correct Solution:
Cosmopolitanism is the ideology that all human ethnic groups belong to a single community based on a shared morality. This is contrasted with communitarian and particularistic theories, especially the ideas of patriotism and nationalism. Cosmopolitanism may entail some sort of world government or it may simply refer to more inclusive moral, economic, and/or political relationships between nations or individuals of different nations. A person who adheres to the idea of cosmopolitanism in any of its forms is called a cosmopolite.
The cosmopolitan community might be based on an inclusive morality, a shared economic relationship, or a political structure that encompasses different nations. In its more positive versions, the cosmopolitan community is one in which individuals from different places (e.g. nation-states) form relationships of mutual respect. (Globalization over Nationalization)
Cosmopolitan democracy is a political theory which explores the application of norms and values of democracy at different levels, from global to local. It is about what global governance of the people, for the people, and to the people can mean. The (academic advocates) of cosmopolitan democracy include David Held, Daniele Archibugi, Richard Falk, and Mary Kaldor. In the Cosmopolitan Democracy model, decisions are made by those citizens that are affected by them, an Oligarchy vice a single hierarchical form of authority. According to the nature of the issues at stake, democratic practice should be reinvented to take into account the will of stakeholders. This can be done either through direct participation or through elected representatives. The model advocated by cosmopolitan democrats is decentralized - global governance without world government, unlike those models of global governance supported by classic World Federalism thinkers.
The victory of Western liberal states ending the Cold War inspired the hope that international relations could be guided by the ideals of democracy and the rule of law. In the early 1990s, a group of thinkers developed the political project of cosmopolitan democracy with the aim of providing intellectual arguments in favor of an expansion of democracy, both within states and at the global level. While some significant successes have been achieved in terms of democratization within states, much less has been attained in democratizing the global system.
In different forms, the necessity to expand democratic procedures beyond the nation-state has been supported by several political philosophers.
The idea of cosmopolitan democracy has been advocated with reference to the reform of international organizations. This includes the institution of the International Criminal Court, the institution of a directly elected World Parliament or world assembly of governments, and more widely the democratization of international organizations.
A few leading Cosmopolites:
(David Held) is a British political theorist and a prominent figure within the field of international relations. He is currently Graham Wallas Professor of Political Science and (co-director of the Centre for the Study of Global Governance within the Government Department at the London School of Economics). Together with Daniele Archibugi, he has been a key figure in the development of cosmopolitanism, and of cosmopolitan democracy in particular. He is a widely acclaimed scholar on issues of globalization and global governance.
(Daniele Archibugi) is an Italian economic and political theorist. He works on the economics and policy of technological change, on the political theory of international relations and on political and technological globalization.
He has graduated in Economics at the University of Rome "La Sapienza" with Federico Caffè and taken his PHD at SPRU, University of Sussex, under the mentoring of Christopher Freeman and Keith Pavitt. He has worked and taught at the Universities of Sussex, Naples, Cambridge and Rome. In the academic year 2003-2004 he was a (Visiting Professor at the London School of Economics), affiliated at the Centre for the Study of Global Governance, and in the academic year 2004-2005, a Visiting Professor at Harvard University, affiliated at the Minda de Gunzeberg Center for European Studies. In June 2006 he was appointed Honorary Professor at the University of Sussex. He currently works at the Italian National Research Council in Rome and at Birkbeck, University of London.
Together with David Held, he has been a key figure in the development of cosmopolitanism and of cosmopolitan democracy in particular, namely the attempt to apply some of the norms and values of democracy to global politics. He has advocated substantial reforms in international organizations, including the United Nations and the European Union. He is among the promoters of a directly elected World Parliament.
Richard Anderson Falk is an American professor emeritus of international law at Princeton University, the author or co-author of 20 books and the editor or co-editor of another 20 books, speaker, activist on world affairs, and an appointee to two United Nations positions on the Palestinian territories.
In early 1979, when Falk was a professor of International Law at Princeton, he joined a group of Americans visiting Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini at his home in exile in France. Khomeini was little known in the US or outside of Iran at the time, but was a leader of a massive protest movement in Iran that was soon to overthrow the Shah, a long-time and important ally of the United States who had come under heavy criticism for his human rights record. Khomeini was to become Supreme Leader of Iran before the end of the year. On February 16, 1979, two weeks after Khomeini returned to Iran to lead the revolution, Falk spoke out strongly in his defense. In an opinion-editorial article for the New York Times, he condemned the depiction of Khomeini by certain American leaders "as fanatical, reactionary, and the bearer of crude prejudices", saying it seemed to be done "in a manner calculated to frighten".
In making the case that Khomeini's earlier statements of his intentions could be trusted, Falk explained that "Khomeini's style is to express his real views defiantly and without apology, regardless of consequences. To suppose that Ayatollah Khomeini is dissembling seems almost beyond belief." He added, having created a new model of popular revolution based, for the most part, on nonviolent tactics, Iran may yet provide us with a desperately-needed model of humane governance for a third-world country." He later retracted these statements after he realized that others discovered the truth about the Revolution in Iran. (Change your position to fit the times)
(Mary Kaldor) is a British academic, currently (Professor of Global Governance
at the London School of Economics), where she is also the Director of its Centre
for the Study of Global Governance. She has been a key figure in the development
of cosmopolitan democracy. She writes on globalization, international relations
and humanitarian intervention, global civil society and global governance,
as well as what she calls New Wars. (Wikipedia)
All of the above have connections with the London School of Economics. (They are all Progressive Socialists and with the exception of Falk are part of the "Baby Boom" Generation). The London Scool of Economics and Political Science was founded by the "Fabian Society". There are many noted world Billionaires who graduated or attended this school. One noted billionaire is George Soras who is a member of LSE's advisory board.
In no uncertain terms, Cosmopolitanism will control the "minds" of the people and Fabian Capitalism will control their "Pocketbooks"! (You know, "That Divide to Conquer" thing). Is this not what we have been seeing in "Arab Spring" and the current occupation of American cities by the paid for "99" percenters!
"IMPERIUM AB CHAO" (Out of chaos comes control)