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Swampyville's - "The First Progressive Era"
Swampyville's - Ask the Politically Correct!
What was the Progressive Era?
Politically Correct Resolution:
(Wikipedia was used for much of this article) (My use of Wikipedia is because most of it mirrors what I learned in History classes at LSU in New Orleans. Our history professor was Stephen Ambrose who many of us in the military referred to as "that long haired hippy professor")
The First Progressive Era!
In the early years of American history, most political leaders were reluctant to involve the federal government too heavily in the private sector, except in the area of transportation. In general, they accepted the concept of laissez-faire, a doctrine opposing government interference in the economy except to maintain law and order. This attitude started to change during the latter part of the 19th century, when small business, farm, and labor movements began asking the government to intercede on their behalf.
By the turn of the century, a middle class had developed that was leery of both the business elite and the somewhat radical political movements of farmers and laborers in the Midwest and West. Known mostly as (Progressives), these people favored government regulation of business practices to, in their minds, ensure competition and free enterprise. Congress enacted a law regulating railroads in 1887 (the Interstate Commerce Act), and one preventing large firms from controlling a single industry in 1890 (the Sherman Antitrust Act). These laws were not rigorously enforced, however, until the years between 1900 and 1920, when Republican Progressive President Theodore Roosevelt (1901–1909), Democratic Socialist President Woodrow Wilson (1913–1921), and others sympathetic to the views of the Progressives came to power. Many of today's U.S. regulatory agencies were created during these years, including the Interstate Commerce Commission and the Federal Trade Commission. Muckrakers (journalists) during this period encouraged readers to demand more regulation of business. Upton Sinclair's The Jungle (1906) showed America the horrors of the Chicago Union Stock Yards, a giant complex of meat processing that developed in the 1870s. The federal government responded to Sinclair's book with the new regulatory Food and Drug Administration. Ida M. Tarbell wrote a series of articles against the "Standard Oil" monopoly. The series helped pave the way for the breakup of the monopolies. (Who later regrouped, recharged and minipulated the system).
When Democrat Woodrow Wilson was elected President with a Democratic Congress in 1912 he implemented a series of progressive? policies. In 1913, the Sixteenth Amendment was ratified, and the income tax was instituted in the United States. Wilson resolved the longstanding debates over tariffs and antitrust, with the Sixteenth Amendment and creating the Federal Reserve, a complex business-government partnership that to this day still dominates the financial (World). (Their New? One World Order).
It was during this era that many of the Progressives (including so called conservatives) adopted the Fabian philosophy of the "Gradual Transformation" of society. The prevailing capitalists of the time wanted to extend their National monopolies to an International monopoly. The biggest stumbling block was this nations protectionism (their term was isolationism). Thus, began the road to Internationalism. Changing society has never been about ideology; but, about profits and the American fish fell for it, hook, line and sinker!
"DIVIDE ET IMPERA" (Divide and Conquer/Rule)