When did "Pomp and Circumstance" begin being used at commencement and graduation ceremonies?
"Pomp and Circumstance March No. 1" was composed by Sir Edward Elgar (1857-1934) and first performed on Oct. 19, 1901, in Liverpool, England. The tune was not played at a commencement ceremony until 1905, at Yale's graduation, where Elgar received an honorary doctor of music degree.
According to the Web site www.elgar.org, "the guests left the hall to Elgar's 'Pomp and Circumstance' played by the orchestra. By the mid-1920s it was being performed at many institutions, and today it is heard at graduation ceremonies throughout the country, both at colleges and at high schools."