One year ago, on July 16, 1999, John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and her sister, Lauren Bessette, died when the single-engine plane Kennedy was piloting plunged into the Atlantic Ocean near Martha's Vineyard, Mass.
In 1790, the District of Columbia was established as the seat of the U.S. government.
In 1862, David G. Farragut became the first rear admiral in the U.S. Navy.
In 1918, Russia's Czar Nicholas II, his empress and their five children were executed by the Bolsheviks.
In 1935, the first parking meters were installed, in Oklahoma City.
In 1945, the United States exploded its first experimental atomic bomb, in the desert of Alamogordo, N.M.
In 1964, in accepting the Republican presidential nomination in San Francisco, Barry M. Goldwater said "extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice" and that "moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue."
In 1969, Apollo 11 blasted off from Cape Kennedy on the first manned mission to the surface of the moon.
In 1979, Saddam Hussein became president of Iraq.