The 1991 Kansas wheat crop, at 363 million bushels, was down 23 percent from the 1990 record wheat production of 472 million bushels, according to the 1991 county wheat reports released this week by Kansas Agricultural Statistics.
According to the KAS report, acres planted statewide in the fall of 1990 for harvest in 1991, at 11.8 million acres, were down 5 percent from 1990. Acres harvested in 1991, at 11 million, were down 7 percent from 1990. Average yield per acre at 33 bushels, was down 7 bushels from 1990.
Douglas, Jefferson and Leavenworth counties reported decreased wheat production in 1991 from the previous year.
Douglas County farmers planted 28,000 acres of wheat in 1990 and harvested 27,000. They produced 891,000 bushels with an average yield of 33 bushels per acre.
IN 1989, the same number of acres were planted and 27,300 were harvested. However, the yield was slightly higher at 35.4 bushels per acre with a total production of 942,900.
In Jefferson County, 19,000 acres were planted in 1990 and 18,300 harvested in 1991. The average yield was 32 bushels per acre, and the total production was 585,600 bushels.
Jefferson County produced 771,600 bushels of wheat in 1990.
The 1991 wheat crop in Leavenworth County included 19,000 acres with 17,400 harvested. The average yield was 28.5 bushels per acre for a total production of 495,200 bushels, down 12,200 bushels from 1990.
SEEDING started on schedule in September 1990, but because of hot, dry weather and short surface moisture, progress was slow. Late September rains, however, provided good seeding moisture. Seeding progress and plant emergence through October 1990 generally was ahead of schedule.
Additional rains in November 1990 allowed good secondary root growth and top growth to occur.
Rainfall was about normal throughout most of the spring of 1991 and temperatures were normal or above. Condition of the wheat crop was rated mostly fair to good. Rains in late May and early June delayed the beginning of wheat harvest about a week, but weather was ideal from mid-June on. Farmers made short work of harvest once combines moved into fields.
SUMNER COUNTY continued to be the leading wheat-producing county in the state with 13.1 million bushels. Farmers there harvested 434,200 acres acres of wheat.
Stevens County, with an average of 49.4 bushels per acre, had the highest wheat yield in 1991.
Ron Sitzman, agricultural statistician, said the 1992 wheat crop "looks mediocre," but admitted it could improve when the plants emerge from winter dormancy.